Chapter 2 PowerPoint.pptx

Realism is the belief that politics should be played

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REALISM Is the belief that politics should be played in a realistic fashion. States are the most important actors. Power is the essence of politics. States seek power (especially military power) because security is not guaranteed. Assumes the worst of people: self-serving, nasty and interested in maximizing their power.
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REALISM Important terms: Power Security Prudence , states will behave in similar ways Pragmatism , other states are pursuing power Special Note: Morality and similar ideas are luxuries that cannot endanger the survival of the state or its interests.
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IDEALISM Politics is the art of good government Respect is the central concept: fellow humans, justice and universal moral principles. Interest motivated behaviour reduces people to the instincts of animals. Over time, humans learn, improve and grow . Optimistic conception of human nature.
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LIBERALISM Takes a neutral view of human nature: people can cooperate in the name of self- interest. Emphasizes the importance of: private property, law, free markets, democracy and justice. Economic growth is of paramount importance. More trade leads to fewer wars and greater cooperation.(institutions, cultural exchange)
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LIBERALISM Does not
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