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All trappings of monarchy were removed, where no king was present and elected officials were the makers of the government. IndependenceIndependence as a way of personal independence. Pioneers were fiercely independence, which required getting out of the cities and the East to do what one would like to do. Independence from civilization.Heetor St. John de CrevecocurWritings of Frenchman who came to United States to look at the Americas in the 1780s. Came as American Revolution ended.“Major Problems” Wrote article “What is an American?”What is an American?“Americans are a new people.” Reference to those who migrated from Europe, that they had been changed by the American frontier, the West, American ways. And therefore Americans are a new people.Two other people wrote about what America is aboutAlexis de TocquevilleWent into West in 1830s to see what is going onClaimed there is more democracy. The people are undefined, pacy, although it is a new America. Frederick Jackson TurnerAlso wrote about America.
Trailblazers Trappers and Farmers – Lecture 518:05PHD at John Hopkins and taught at University of Wisconsin1890s, wrote a piece about how significant the frontiers are by the Americans. America is shaped by frontier where western expansion occurred. It is a mixture of European ethnicities influenced by Native Americans and the frontier. Bottom line was they are crude, uncultured, lawless.The agrarian idealFarmers according to people such as Thomas Jefferson and Benjamin Rush believed farmers who god’s chosen people. Only way to farm was out of city and into frontierIdea that using up all of one farm is alright, because….hey look, there’s a another land of unit to use further west!Those who didn’t enjoy other farmers moved, and therefore became trailblazers again. Trailblazers become farmers, and farmers become trailblazers, and so on were they to choose going further into the west.Benjamin RushBelieved farmers were best to liveScots-Irish (Scotch-Irish)Those who started Trailblazing started from the East, into the waterways and out to the west. Consisted of foreigners, such as Scots and the Irish, or Scotch-IrishCame from Northern Island. Farmers who have been displaced and more/less exiled out of the populated areas of Ireland and England. Tamed the frontiers in 1600s. Success produced so much food, and came across the Atlantic. Coming to America, the whole set of family history had become frontiersman, ending up disliking the city and moving out to the west in mid late 1700s, founded American West, a new frontier.Daniel Boone/Andrew Jackson/Davy CrockettDaniel Boone born in North Carolina and an Irish. One of the first to cross the path and go into Kentucky in 1769, blazing the trail in Kentucky and opening it to the American settlement.
Trailblazers Trappers and Farmers – Lecture 518:05Andrew Jackson was in North Carolina. Parents migrated from Tennessee. Indian fighter and famous for Battle of New Orleans in 1812, defeating British. War hero and became president.