Well look at language as a system consisting of three parts the speaker or

Well look at language as a system consisting of three

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We'll look at language as a system consisting of three parts: the speaker or writer, the audience, and the conventions. We'll also go over some of the historical factors that have influenced the development of the English language. Finally, we'll look at some of the differences between spoken and written English. Part 1 Transcript: Overview Notice the different ways we pronounce the same letter groups (-ou, -gh- and su-) in this phrase: Although he was tough, the thought of undergoing surgery sent a sure, sharp pain through him. Why is the "ou" pronounced as a soft "u" in tough, a soft "o" in thought, and a hard "u" in through? Why do we pronounce the "gh" in tough as a "f" but don’t pronounce it at all in thought or through? And why does the "su" group sound like an "sh" in sure but not in surgery? Here’s the answer: The English language evolved over many centuries, and in fact it’s still evolving. In this tutorial, we’ll look at the diverse people and influences that have shaped the English language. Recognizing the cultural origins and influences of language helps us read with greater understanding and write with greater effectiveness and clarity. Part 2 Transcript: A System The language we use depends greatly on the culture in which we live. It also depends on our own individual experiences. Reading a piece of writing is a lot like reading a road map or street sign. It points us in a direction, but we interpret the meaning of the map when we follow its direction in the real world. Similarly, when we read we draw from our individual knowledge, experiences, and cultural environment to interpret . The meaning of what we're reading. To effectively convey a message using words, we have to consider the knowledge and experience of those who will be reading (or hearing) it. We have to anticipate how they'll interpret our words. We must also consider the appropriate rules governing such things as sentence structure and word choice when we write. The rules governing such things as sentence structure and word choice are called conventions. Each time you sit down to write, you should consider three elements: the writer, the audience and the conventions. These three elements define language as a system. A system uses logical connections and common symbols to connect ideas and people. Telephones, highways, and mathematics are also systems. Like a road system, language depends on signals everyone in the community understands. In an effective language system, these common signals are words and phrases that convey the writer's meaning to the reader. Because different cultures have different "signals" in their language systems, speakers (and writers) must always consider their audience, and make sure that the signals they send will be understood by their audience in the way they intended.
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As with a road system, language also depends on rules everyone understands and follows. The rules of a
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