Novelty it must show some new characteristic that is

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Chapter 12 / Exercise 4
Successful Project Management
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Novelty: It must show some new characteristic that is not known in the body of existing knowledge (referred to as prior art) in its technical field. Inventive step (non-obviousness): It must show an inventive step that could not be deduced by a person with average knowledge of the technical field. Patentable subject matter: The invention must fall within the scope of patentable subject matter as defined by national law. This varies from one country to another. Many countries exclude from patentablility such subject 78Austrian Patent Office 79World Intellectual Property Organization: Understanding Industrial Property, p. 6
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Successful Project Management
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Chapter 12 / Exercise 4
Successful Project Management
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Idea Implementation 86 matter as scientific theories, mathematical methods, plant or animal varieties, discoveries of natural substances, methods for medical treatment (as opposed to medical products), and any invention where prevention of its commercial exploitation is necessary to protect public order, good morals or public health. The person to whom a patent is granted is known as the patentee, the owner of the patent or the patent holder. Once a patent has been granted with respect to a particular country, anyone who wishes to exploit the invention commercially in that country must obtain the authorization of the patentee. In principle, anyone who exploits a patented invention without the patentee´s authorization commits an illegal act. The protection is granted for a limited period, generally 20 years. Once a patent expires, the protection ends, and the invention enters the public domain. The patentee no longer holds exclusive rights to the invention, which then becomes available for commercial exploitation by others. The rights conferred by a patent are not described in the patent itself. Trademark The trademark is a company label that differentiates the goods and services of different companies from one another. It allows the consumer to identify a product from a certain manufacturer or vendor in business life. The trademark serves the company as a means of differentiation from other vendors in the marketplace. From the viewpoint of the consumer, the trademark serves the company as both a means of differentiation from other vendors in the marketplace and as an indispensable marketing tool. From the legal point of view, the trademark is an independent property right.80Industrial designs An industrial design is the ornamental or aesthetic aspect of an article. The design may consist of three-dimensional features, such as the shape or surface of an article, or of two-dimensional features, such as patterns, lines or color. Industrial designs are applied to a wide variety of products of industry and handicraft: from technical and medical instruments to watches, jewelry, and other luxury items; from housewares and electrical appliances to vehicles and architectural structures; from textile designs to leisure goods. To be protected under most national laws, an industrial design must be new or 80Austrian Patent Office

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