169 In that speech Buchanan had called for the nations support of the Courts

169 in that speech buchanan had called for the

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169 In that speech, Buchanan had called for the nation's support of the Court's decision. 170 Additionally, Stephen A. Douglas, Lincoln's political ri- 161 Id. at 12. 162 Id. at 12-13. 163 EBONY, supra note 12, at 237; FINKELMAN, supra note 44, at 175; FINKELMAN, supra note 156, at 48. 164 KATZ, supra note 13. at 12-13. Although at one time slavery was also present in the North, it began to disappear as early as 1777 in Vermont. concluding in New York in 1817. "In 1795 President John Adams thought that the opposition of white mechanics concerned over losing jobs to black slaves was most important." Id. 165 FINKELMAN, supra note 44, at 184-185. 166 Id. 167 H. L. POHLMAN, CONSTITUTIONAL DEBATE IN ACTION 48 (2d ed. 2005). 168 FINKELMAN, supra note 44, at 46; Finkelman, supra note 156, at 46. 169 id. 170 Id. 2011] 393
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394 RICHMOND JOURNAL OF LAW AND THE PUBLIC INTEREST [Vol. XV:2 val and presidential opponent, continued to defend the Dred Scott de- cision throughout the 1858 senatorial campaign. Despite his purportedly unbiased role as Chief Justice, Ta- ney's goal in Dred Scott was political rather than legal. 1 72 A slave owner himself, Taney saw the case as an opportunity to declare that Congress lacked the power to ban slavery from the U.S. territories, thus, slavery could expand unabated by Congress.1 73 Buchanan, who was pro-slavery and pro-South,1 74 also sought finality regarding the issue of slavery. Buchanan considered slavery in the territories to be a "judicial question"-he openly stated that the issue was one for the Supreme Court to decide, and that he looked forward to a speedy set- tlement of the issue, along with acceptance of the decision once deli- vered.17 5 To both men's dismay, the Dred Scott decision would pro- vide the fuel for political debate during the campaigns of 1858 and 1860.176 1. Reactions from Newspapers Newspapers responded to Taney's decision by using the pow- er of print to deliver Taney's opinion to the masses. 177 The New York Tribune circulated Taney's opinion, along with Justice Curtis' dis- sent, in the hope of promoting the Republican cause to prohibit the extension of slavery into new territories. 178 Its editor, Horace Gree- ley, equated the validity of Taney's decision to an opinion made in a "Washington barroom."l79 Another Republican newspaper, the Chi- cago Tribune, called Taney's views regarding the status of blacks as non-citizens as "inhuman dicta." 180 Still other newspapers supported Taney's decision. The Richmond Enquirer praised the Court's de- cision and saw it as an end to the debate over slavery.182 The New Orleans Picayune found favor with Taney's opinion, telling its read- 17 1 FINKELMAN, supra note 44, at 184. 172 Finkelman, supra note 156, at 43. 173 See id. 174 FINKELMAN. supra note 44, at 133. 175 Id. at 45: Finkelman. supra note 156, at 45. 176 FINKELMAN. supra note 44, at 168-169: Finkelman, supra note 156, at 45. 177 See Finkelman, supra note 156, at 45.
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