Around 100 killed and 30000 arrested just for being Jews to send to

Around 100 killed and 30000 arrested just for being

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Around 100 killed and 30,000 arrested just for being Jews to send to concentration camps oRadicalization of Nazi policy (Phase 1) -Einsatzgruppen o1941 – 1943 oFour groups composed of German SS and police personnel oMurder racial or political enemies found behind German combat lines in the occupied Soviet Union oCame directly to Jewish home communities for massacreoFirst step of the Final Solution -Commissar OrderoJune 6, 1941 oBefore Operation Barbarossa or invasion of Soviet Union oRound up and kill any soviet man who works for communism and all Jews oStarted with men and included women and children in mid Aug oForeign policy goals and racial goals linked into one as Soviets prisoners of wars killed -Wannsee Conference oJan 20, 1942 oVilla near Lake Wannsee outside Berlin oSecures support from government ministries and agencies oConvey that Hilter had tasked Heydrich and the RSHA with coordinating the Final Solution oTo further the coordination of a policy aimed at the physical annihilation of the European JewsoAround 11 million Jews in Europe -Adolf Eichmann oCaptured by Israeli Security Service in 1960 oSS sergeant played central role in organizing the “Final Solution” oFacilitate Jewish emigration in Austria + deport Jews to Auschwitz camp and disobey Hitler to stop the killings oHannah Arendt and the banality of evil oDebate of “desk-murders” and evil intent to be part of the crime -Abba Kovner o1918 – 1988 oZionist youth leader + poet oCommander of resistance during liquidation of Vilna ghetto oDirected escape of the Vilna underground into the forest
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oAfter war helped organize underground organization helping survivors escapeEurope to Palestine oArmed resistance came at the moment when Jew realized fate is death -Sinti and Roma oChristian group of people from Punjab, India to South Europe, Persia oDislike of soil, not agriculture people oAccused of beggars, spies, and evil magic oOutsider group in German consciousness who suffered the closest to Jews -The Banality of Evil o1963 oConcept introduced by Hannah Arendt in her book Eichmann in Jerusalem: A Report on the Banality of Evil oEichmann is a bureaucrat who bears no responsibility because he was simply “doing his job” in his trial oUnintentional evil normal tasks help facilitate mass murder without intending it oShows the dangers of modernity in Holocaust anonymity + lack of consciousness of own guilt + sense of accountability -Jedwabne o1939-1941 when Soviets ruled oJuly 1941 around 300 Polish Jews murdered and locked inside barn set on fire oExample of non-Jew (Pols) killed Jews in German-occupied Poland oAnti-Judaism history existed and Jews associated with communism oPols oppressed by Soviet presence so combined anti-Soviet and anti-Semitismafter Nazi came and Soviet left oSituational dynamics in play
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