Federal level criminal justice Federal law enforcement functions include a wide range of agencies that enforce federal laws and assist state and local governments. Agencies at the federal level include US border patrol- the mobile uniformed law enforcement arm of the Immigration and Naturalization Service. Its primary mission is to detect and prevent the illegal entry of foreign-born persons into the United States. • US Immigration and Customs Enforcement sometimes referred to as ICE, an agency of the Department of Homeland Security responsible for enforcing the laws which regulate the admission of foreigners into the United States and for administering immigration benefits including the naturalization of applicants for US citizenship. • US marshals service created in 1789. The agency protects federal courts and ensures the effective operation of the judicial system. The agency also carries out fugitive investigations custody and transportation of federal prisoners’ security for government witnesses and asset seizure in federal forfeitures • US Customs and Border Protection sometimes referred to as CBP, an agency of the Department of Homeland Security responsible for the protection of US borders and dealing with smuggling imports and exports. • Drug enforcement administration sometimes referred to as DEA, a government agency that enforces US controlled substances laws and regulations .the DEA also brings to the US criminal system Organizations involved in the growing, manufacturer and/or distribution of controlled substances to be trafficked in the United States. • Bureau of Alcohol Tobacco Firearms and explosives sometimes referred to as ATF. A law enforcement organization within the United States treasury, that enforces federal laws and regulations relating to alcohol tobacco firearms explosives and arson. The Criminal Justice Process Introduction This topic supports these objectives: • Define key terms related to the justice system. • Explain the criminal justice process. The criminal justice process All members of society are at risk for experiencing a crime. Although, some crimes go unreported, all reported crimes are processed through the criminal justice system. When a crime is reported, an investigation must occur to determine what crime was committed and the perpetrators of the crime. Cutting edge technologies such as use of DNA evidence has helped the legal system identify criminals and convict those who are guilty. Arresting, booking and charging a suspect
When enough evidence has been gathered to confirm an individual's role in a crime, a warrant is issued, and an arrest is made. A warrant is a “writ”, issued by a judicial official that authorizes an officer, to perform a specified act required for the administration of justice such as an arrest or search. Not every crime results in an arrest.
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- Fall '19
- Criminal Justice, criminal law