the residence and joined other priests and laity founded in 1902, who called ChurchPhilippine independent, rationalist and nationalist; in it they conserved the rites of theCatholic Church, but they denied some of their dogmas and the authority of the Pope. As aunifying element of the independentist and nationalist fervor, this church came to collect in1918 almost two million followers, which later dropped to some 100,000. In the second halfof the 20th century returned to collect new force, so that, according to some, the"aglipayismo" (as it is known to this movement) has come to bring together one-tenth of thetotal population of the Philippines.
11.Dona Aurora Aragon QuezonOn February 19, 1888, Dona Aurora Aragon Quezon, wife ofCommonwealth President Manuel L. Quezon, was born inBaler, Tayabas (now Aurora province.) Dona Aurora stayed inthe background during her husband's political life, involvingherself with women's organizations such as the NationalFederation of Women's Clubs, of which she was honorarychairman. As the first presidential couple to reside in Malacañang, First Lady Aurora spent as littletime as possible there, preferring to stay in a "nipa house" in Malacañang Park or in her farm,Kaleidan, in Arayat, Pampanga. Still, she was an active First Lady, engaging herself in thecampaign to give Filipino women the right of suffrage, which was achieved in 1937. She wasinvolved in the Girl Scouts of the Philippines and the Associación de Damas Filipinas, anoted orphanage in Manila, honorary president of another orphanage, the White Cross,located in San Juan. She accompanied her husband to Corregidor in December, 1941, whereQuezon was inaugurated to a second term as President, being sworn in by Chief Justice JoseAbad Santos on December 30, 1941.The First Family began their long journey to escape the Japanese invaders in February1942 and finally reached the United States in June of the same year. While in the U.S., shedevoted her time to the care of her ailing husband, who died in Saranac, New York fromtuberculosis on August 1, 1944. Mrs. Quezon then moved to California to await their returnto the Philippines. She and her daughters volunteered as nurses for the Red Cross. She served as the first chairperson of the Philippine National Red Cross when it wasestablished as an independent Red Cross Organization in 1947, and held the position until herdeath. She was also named as honorary vice president of the Philippine Tuberculosis Society.She continued to be involved in civic work, such as the efforts to rebuild the AntipoloChurch. She received honorary doctorates from the University of Santo Tomas and the
University of Michigan at Ann Arbor. She was likewise bestowed the Ozanam Award fromthe Ateneo de Manila University, and the Pro Ecclessia et Pontifice Cross from Pope PiusXII. She died on April 28, 1949 in an ambush by the Huks in Bongabong, Nueva Ecija, enroute to open a hospital dedicated to her husband. The former sub-province of Aurora wascreated as a separate province named in her memory in 1979.