A new form of hybrid jazz was formed during the late 1960’s and early 1970’s. The hybrid style of jazz was a mix of jazz and rock music and became know as jazz fusion. While some jazz players embraced jazz fusion, other jazz traditionalists were opposed to the mix of jazz and rock music. Jazz fusion was a style unlike any other form of jazz which preceded it. Electrical instruments were incorporated in jazz music for the first time with the use of instruments such as electric guitar, electric bass, and the electric piano. Musicians who embraced fusion jazz included the famous Miles Davis, guitarists Frank Zappa and Larry Coryell, and saxophonist Wayne Shorter. Jazz fusion was a style of jazz which brought in a lot of interest from the public due to the unique hybrid style of music.Jazz fusion along with other styles of jazz being performed led to a resurgence in the fan base of jazz music. The different styles of jazz being played during the 1970’s began to include many different instruments that were never used in jazz music before. These instruments included the rock instruments, such as the electric guitar and electric keyboard, and other instruments such as a tambourine and cowbells.(Collier 74) Performers during these years who became renowned for their music abilities were Alice Coltrane, Rufus Harley, and Jean-Luc Ponty.By the time the 1980’s rolled around, the jazz community was becoming smaller and less and less people were interested in jazz. The only jazz music that was drawing any remarkable fan-base was the traditional styles of jazz music. These jazz styles were
drawing an older group of fans who were already fans in earlier decades. Wynton Marsalis took it upon himself to try to bring together a community of jazz fans and artists which seemed so easy for the jazz genre in earlier years. Marsalis tried to do this by using a style of music which were similar to, but changed in some ways, Louis Armstrong’s and Duke Ellington’s earlier styles of jazz.Other artists were doing whatever they could to change jazz in a way which would help it stand out as a very appealing genre of music. Musicians, namely Grover Washington Jr. and Kenny G, did what they could to help by tweaking the traditional jazz fusion style and creating their own style of pop fusion, also known as smooth jazz. Vocalists also benefited from smooth jazz due to their importance to smooth jazz music. Singers Anita Baker and Al Jarreau were two people who reaped the benefits of smooth jazz.(Ogren 130)In the later 1980’s and early 1990’s, pop music was on the rise. Jazz musicians, as they always do, adapted to this and created a form of jazz which incorporated pop music. Musicians formed a few different forms of jazz by fusing jazz with pop music, including acid jazz, nu jazz, and jazz rap. Both acid jazz and nu jazz combined jazz music with electrical dance music.