More flexibility with comprehensive schools Challenging to find a uniform level

More flexibility with comprehensive schools

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More flexibility with comprehensive schools - Challenging to find a uniform level of teaching - This can be frustrating for both students and teachers Secondary Education: Developing Countries Less consistency across developing countries Common themes - Gender differences - girls far less likely to be in education - Differences between public and private education - Issues with overcrowding, underfunding and lack of cultural relevance Effective Schools (Size Matters) Large schools - Diverse courses and extracurricular activities - Can be alienating Small schools - Less diversity in extracurricular activities - More participation Optimum school size = 500-1000 students What About Class Size? - Scholars do not agree about class size - Direct negative relation between class size and academic performance - Typical variation has little impact on achievement - Small class size is preferable for students with academic difficulties What About School Transitions?
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What about School Climate? - Quality of teacher-student interactions - How teachers interact with students - What expectations and standards they have - What methods are used - What is optimum school climate - Supportive and dedicated teachers - Firm but fair discipline - High expectations for student performance and conduct Family Environments and School - Parents expectations for achievement - Parents involvement in their adolescent child's education - Passive genotype-environment interaction - Parenting style: - Most effective → authoritative (high demandingness and high responsiveness) - Least Effective → neglectful - Bidirectionality - Social class - Middle class children - What makes social class important in predicting academic achievement? 1) Better nutrition and healthcare 2) Less major and minor stressors 3) Greater parental involvement 4) Higher parental IQ Peers, Friends and School - Influence → friends > parents - Consistency of class attendance - Time spent doing homework - How hard they try - Grades - Positive or negative High Achieving Friends vs. Peers Ethnic Differences
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- Asian American > White > Latino & A.A - Immigrant > non immigrant - Potential reasons: - Social class - Cultural values around education - Discrimination - Focus on white and western history - Optimism about not needing education Gender Differences - Girls > boys - Potential reasons: - Girls enjoy school environment more - Girls feel more supported - Boys do less homework Stereotype Threat - Anxiety based on perception that others are judging you in stereotyped ways - The anxiety interferes with cognitive functioning and performance - Can have positive or negative effects, depending on the stereotype (stereotype boost) - Can be alleviated (internalizing that the stereotype is irrelevant Adolescents with Disabilities - Learning disabilities: - Gap between intelligence and achievement - Reading is most common source of difficulty - Boys are twice as likely to have a learning disability - Early intervention needed - ADHD: - Problems of inattention, hyperactivity, impulsive - Classified as learning disability - Boys four times as likely as girls to be diagnosed - Partly inherited -
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  • Winter '16
  • Jenny Glozman

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