Part 3 the war to save the union i the outbreak of

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Part 3:The War to Save the UnionI. The Outbreak of WarB. Blue vs Gray – BLACKBOARD- see chart1. Northern Advantagesa. 20 million pop against 9 mill (includes 3.5 mill slaves)- higher pop will offset any lack of supportb. manufactured more than 9 times as much; including 97% of firearmsc. RR lines- see pic- carry supplies and rested troopsd. control of Navy and Merchant Marine - blockade would be important since S so dependant on Europe e. established government- Lincoln quickly won respect of politicians and people; pondered then acted decisively; thick skinnedf. the South had to create their gov’t- mostly took Fed laws until specifically repealed them, but absolute dedication to state’s rights so often defied Richmond - Davis was too reserved and detail oriented to make good leader; better at military, but bad health2. Southern Advantagesa. hoped Brit would aid and assumed N was more dependant on cotton- even though Brit would gain, not prepared to support directly- had supplies of cotton and India and Egypt took up slack- crop shortages hit Britain, so relied on western wheat b. fight a defensive war; simply had to stay on home soil and hold territory- won’t work for long due to materials of N c. superior military leadership - see picd. all citizens supported and ready to fight3. Supplying and Paying for the Wara. N’ern manufacturers boomed supplying shoes, uniforms, food, weapons- capacity and losing workers forced more mechanization b. Sec of Treasury Salmon Chasegot Congress to pass an income tax for the upper classes and state tax; eventually, excise taxes would be placed on many products and print paper money; however, gov’t borrowed most of money to fund war- cost of living will almost doubled at end of war, but borrowing and inflation was ok, for then thought future generations could help pay c. South couldn’t raise money through tariffs due to blockade, so passed an income and excise taxes, but only accounted for small part of need, so borrowed heavily from Europe and printed paper money shamelessly- paper held out until late in war, then collapsedd. most supplies came from Europe until blockade was more sufficient; then relied on small amount could manufacture and capture
- shoes and uniform shortage more damaging than weapons- profit was so high that blockade running supplied luxuries

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