Coping with strain cognitive coping emotional coping

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Coping with strain Cognitive coping Emotional coping Behavioral coping Coping Strategies Cognitive coping: ignore and reduce the seriousness of the negative relationship, increase positive outcome/reduce negative outcomes, accept responsibility Example: Blaming yourself for the negative relationship. Emotional coping:
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Alleviate the stressor/strain Example: Meditation Drug use Behavioral coping: Reduce, remove, or satisfy negative emotions Example of conventional coping : Ending the negative relationship Skipping school GENERAL STRAIN THEORY (GST) EXPANDS THE REASONS FOR STRAIN RESEARCH Classic Strain and General Strain theory Research on classic strain STRAIN PERSPECTIVE BASED ON THE ASSUMPTION THAT AN ECONOMIC CONDITION IN THE SOCIAL STRUCTURE COUPLED WITH A CULTURAL CONDITION OF ANOMIE GENERATES STRAIN THAT RESULTS IN SOME FORM OF ADAPTATION. CLASSIC STRAIN: MERTON STUDIES HAVE NOT FOCUSED TO ADAPTATION OF STRAIN Which adaptation is most likely linked to crime? Classic strain Based on the theory: individuals who expect to receive less education than they aspire will experience strain and therefore will be more likely to commit CRIMES. Research on classic strain EXAMPLE OF MEASURES: Aspiration: “How much schooling would you like to get eventually”—Kubrin et al. 2009 Expectation: “How much schooling the respondent actually expected to obtain” —Kubrin et al. 2009 Findings: “those whose aspirations exceeded expectation were no more likely to be delinquent than those with identical aspirations and expectations. In addition, “the gap between aspirations and expectation is not a significant predictor of delinquency b/c not many subjects experienced a gap between aspirations and expectations” HOW WOULD YOU TEST MESSNER AND ROSENFELD’S INSTITUTIONAL ANOMIE THEORY? Research Messner and Rosenfeld: Institutional Anomie VERY DIFFICULT TO TEST: CROSS-NATIONAL TEST WOULD BE THE IDEAL WAY Therefore, cross-national data that is data looking at different nations is very difficult because data collection systems and crime definitions are not similar enough to compare.
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It is very difficult to generalize institutional anomie theory to crimes —such as robbery or burglary because all the research is done on homicide. Most studies have looked at homicide (counties, metropolitan areas and nations). Research on General Strain RESEARCH – SOME ASPECTS OF THE THEORY ARE SUPPORTED IN SOME SITUATIONS KEY COMPONENT IS NEGATIVE EMOTIONAL STATE WHICH TENDS TO BE WEAKEST LINK Anger mediates some of the effects of strain on crime. Many other studies find that strain has an effect on crime without the role of anger. Most studies focus on trait anger, that is “angry people” not situational anger In addition, there is a weak link with frustration and depression PROBLEMS/ALTERNATIVE EXPLANATIONS MANY RELATIONSHIPS CAN EASILY BE DERIVED FROM OTHER THEORIES, ESPECIALLY SOCIAL CONTROL THEORY. Example: relationship between people. But one looks at weak bond freeing people to commit crimes and the other looks at a pressure to commit crime.
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