Definition little albert demonstrated that fears were

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Definition: Little Albert (demonstrated that fears were learned and not the result of some unconscious conflict) Term: Behavior MODIFICATION strategies are based heavily on INSTRUMENTAL conditioning (i.e., B. F. Skinner with the 'i'), while behavior THERAPY emphasizes CLASSICAL conditioning (Pavlov). Definition: ... Term: Neal Miller Definition: demonstrated that animals could be conditioned to control autonomic processes. (heart rate, blood pressure) Term: Law of effect (aka 'trial and error') Definition: Thorndike's suggestion that satisfying associations related to a given behavior will cause it to be 'stamped in' while those associated with annoying consequences will be 'stamped out'.
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Term: Analytic psychology is sometimes referred to as Definition: depth psychology Term: John B Watson is to cause as Mary Cover Jones is to Definition: cure (demonstrated learning could serve as treatment for a phobic reaction) Term: Neurolinguistic programming (NLP) Definition: brainchild of linguistics professor John Grinder and mathematician John Bander. Term: Pioneers in the Behaviorist movement Definition: Pavlov, Jones, Watson Term: Counseling paradigm Definition: a treatment model (paradigm = model)
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Term: Active therapy (aka 'active-directive' therapy) Definition: therapy to delineate the directive paradigm. Term: Concreteness (aka 'specificity') Definition: this principle is used to alleviate vague language. Term: Interpretation Definition: highly valued in analytic and psychodynamic modalities (takes place when counselor uncovers a deeper meaning regarding a client's situation) Term: A directive Definition: In counseling, merely a suggestion Term: Continuous schedule of reinforcement Definition: reinforcing every behavior (not necessarily the most practical or effective)
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Term: Intermittent schedule of reinforcement Definition: Not every desirable behavior is reinforced (sometimes called 'thinning') Term: The counselor who is _____ is real and authentic. Definition: congruent Term: Robert Carkhuff Definition: known for his 5 point scale measuring empathy, genuineness, concreteness, and respect. Term: Empathy is the ability to experience the client's subjective world. Definition: Sympathy is compassion. Term: When something is added following an operant, it is known as a ____ ______, and when taken away, it is called a ______ ______. Definition: positive reinforcer, negative reinforcer
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Term: Operant Definition: any behavior which is not elicited by an obvious stimulant. Term: Respondent Definition: consequence of a known stimulus. (dog salivating) Term: Higher order conditioning. Definition: when a new stimulus is paired with the conditioned (learned) stimulus and the new stimulus takes on the power of the conditioned (learned) stimulus. Term: Premack principle Definition: 'an efficient reinforcer is what the client himself likes to do.' Term: Reinforcement schedule Definition: gives guidelines for reinforcement.
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Term: Two basic classes of intermittent reinforcement schedules Definition: Ratio - based on # of responses ('variable' often used with this) Interval - based on time elapsed ('fixed' often used with this) Term:
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