Refer to page 262 in the textbook crandell level

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Refer to page 262 in the textbook. Crandell - Chapter 08 #68 Level: Basic Objective: Learning Objective 19 Question Type: Factual 69. What is play and why is it important for children? Play involves voluntary activities undertaken for the sake of enjoyment and recreation. Play is an end in itself. Play is important because in the younger years it is a way to explore and learn about the environment. As the child gets older and plays with others it is a way to learn to interact with others, follow rules, lead and follow, make friends, relieve stress, learn creativity, and appreciate the outdoors. Crandell - Chapter 08 #69
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70. What is gender identity? When and how do children acquire it? Gender identity is the conception that a person has of himself or herself as being male or female. Gender identity usually begins to form between the ages of 3 and 4, is consolidated between ages 5 and 7, and becomes a more flexible concept after age 7. It is acquired through environmental influences such as parents, extended family, preschool experiences, and the media. Crandell - Chapter 08 #70 71. Discuss the following parenting approaches: warm but restrictive , warm with democratic procedures , hostile and restrictive , and hostile and permissive . Warm but restrictive parenting leads to obedient, polite, and conformist children but can also lead to immature, dependent children who lack creativity. Warm with democratic procedures parenting encourages self-confidence, independence, self-reliance, and creativity. Children tend to be friendly, resourceful, and appropriately aggressive. Hostile and restrictive parenting is thought to interfere with the child's sense of identity and self- esteem and may foster resentment and inner rage. Children may internalize the rage and perform self-injurious behaviors. Hostile permissive parenting is believed to result in a child with delinquent and aggressive behavior and may lead to antisocial behavior.
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  • Fall '16
  • A. Sabrina

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