13 i mention the steps involved in directive

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13) i)Mention the steps involved in Directive Counselling.............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ii)What is multimodal therapy?.....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................1.9COUNSELLING PROCESSCounselling starts with filling out a life history questionnaire of that particularcounselee. It includes reinforcement procedures, assertiveness training,desensitization, feedback and cognitive restructuring especially in behaviours,affective and cognitive modes. In physical and imagery modes, the counselloruses Gestalt and holistic techniques such as empty chair of role reverse dialogue,confrontation, abdominal breathing, positive usual imagery and focussing. Self-management, instruction in parenting and social skills are used in interpersonalmodes.The term counselling in the professional sense is always concerned with helpingothers irrespective of the context in which it is used. Here, it is all the more so,since the person as a whole is our focus of attention rather than a specific problem.
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27Understanding Guidanceand CounsellingCounselling can best be described as a process. It means that counselling involvesa sequence of identifiable events spread over a period of time. The time taken,the sequence of events and dynamics involved, the nature and extent ofexploration, etc. differ from individual to individual. However there are certainbasic stages which form the part and parcel of each of such counselling processes.But before going into the details of it w will acquaint ourselves with some of therelated concepts.1.9.1ConceptsReadinessClients broadly fall under two broad categories, the first consisting of those whoseeks assistance voluntarily and the second comprises those referred. Whateverthe case be counselling presupposes a desire on the part of the counselee, thatmakes the client come for assistance. This desire is referred to as ‘readiness’.Counter WillOften people experience difficulty in asking for help and accepting it as well.Because in some cases, they are reluctant to face the consequences of changeand for some receiving help means an admission of inadequacy or failure. Somefeel that they need no assistance or cannot be helped at all. This negative feelingthat holds back one from seeking help is referred to as ‘counter will’.Case HistoryThis is a term very often used in this field. A case history can be defined as asystematic collection of facts about the client’s present and past life. However,the focus of attention varies with the theoretical orientations of the counsellorlike a psychoanalytically oriented counsellor looking for relevant childhoodexperiences, etc.RapportThe importance of rapport in counselling cannot be overemphasized. It is afriendly and understanding atmosphere created by the counsellor which iscatalytical in the formation of an effective counselling relationship. Warmth ofrelationship, communication of this warmth to the counselee and feeling of trustwhich grows out of unconditional acceptance are all important factors contributingto the establishment of rapport.
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