9) Just to note, the human economic consequences of these crashes are unacceptable,unaffordable, and preventable. This has become a very costly endeavor for the state as a whole.Over the past five years, traffic crashes have cost New Hampshire residents $8.65 billion, but thetrue “cost” of the loss of just one human life is immeasurable. (NHSHSP 2012, p. 9) NewHampshire Strategic Highway Safety Plan has a lot of components to it. The strategies that theyapply are as follows: (1) develop emphasis area action plans: this is a roadmap to givestakeholders and partners direction; (2) link with other transportation plans; (3) develop a9
Running Header: METHODS AND TECHNIQUEScommunication plan and continue to identify ways to create outreach opportunities to raiseawareness and to educate the citizens of New Hampshire about roadway safety; (4) createtargeted messaging and high visibility enforcement: this is a proven strategy to lower thenumber of driving fatalities. (NHSHSP 2012, p. 13)Describe the following before deciding a prescription: (a) maximize effectiveness at the leastcost; (b) maximize effectiveness at a fixed cost of $10,000; (c) achieve a fixed effectiveness levelof 6,000 units of service at a fixed cost of $20,000; (d) maximize net benefits, assuming that eachunit of service has a market price of $10; (e) maximize the ration of benefits to costs, assumingthat each unit of service has a market price of $10.A1O1($10, 000)A2O2($20, 000)O2 O1...A2$20,000/6000 units= 3.3310Transitive and Intransitive Choices(a)Transitive Outcomes________________________________________Alternative2011 Income2012Income2014Transportation PlansA11st1st1stA22nd2nd2ndA33rd3rd3rd(b)Intransitive Outcome_______________________________________Alternative2011 Income2012Income2014Transportation PlansA11st2nd3rdA22nd3rd1st
Running Header: METHODS AND TECHNIQUESThe of Selections of Program that I have Selected and the CriteriaThe program that I have selected would be Program II simply because this case provides a much greater outcome of being able to produce more income (A2or 6,000 units of service at a fixed cost of $20,000) verses (A1fixed cost of $10,000). For example, 6,000 buses and there is $20,000 dollars which has to be used for each bus. Each bus is going to have to run off of this specific amount given. The real earning capacity of transportation can and will increase gradually for 6,000 modes of transportation. Consequently, the criteria in which I have think that is best for this program is effectiveness. According to Dunn, effectiveness is a way of providing technical rationality and it is measured in terms of units of products or services or their monetaryvalue. (Dunn 2012) Some examples may include travel costs/user benefits; transportation systemcapacity; accidents and incidents; level of service/volumes/trips on key facilities; accessibility measures (number of jobs or households within specific travel times to destinations by mode); system redundancy (travel reliability measures); and any other quantifiable transportation systemimpact. (U. S. Department) This is the very reason that I selected this criteria for Program II, however, it simply is a perfect fit to me.