The root of matriarchy, Moynihan asserted, dated back to the days of slavery, which reversed roles for men and women and continued to haunt African Americans up to the time of his report o This view is that the matriarch is a stereotypically bad black mother is domineering, and unfeminine, hefty and gruff, if only the matriarch could be a little more feminine, a little less strong, a little whiter , suggested the report, the black family could lift itself up out of poverty o In summation: Black women should aspire to the cult of true (white) womanhood R V CHAPTER 12: FAMILY
W.E.B. Du Bois argued that African American female-headed families were the outcome, rather than the cause, of racial oppression and poverty When critics hold fast to the idealized concept of the nuclear family, they are likely to see any model that differs from the traditional yardstick as deviant Latino Families According to the Bureau of the Census, Latinos are the largest minority group in America, making up 17.6 percent of the U.S. population Latino family ties are strong, and family is a top priority to many Latinos—so important, in fact, that individual Latinos often define their self-worth in terms of their family’s image and accomplishments Latino families act as safety nets, and members take seriously their responsibilities to help one another, even in long chains of needy extended relations Traditional rules of gender and authority also loom large in Latino culture o Women listen to their men, and children to their elders, in a clear-cut hierarchy o Most Latino families are also shaped by a traditional of devout Catholicism o Some tendencies are: high rates of marriage and relatively low rates of divorce, high rates of marriage at a young age, and a lot of babies born out of wedlock Latinas are less likely than African Americans or whites to have an abortion Add to that a tight-lipped stance on discussing sex at home, the dwindling of preventative sex education, and the difficulty teens face traying to get their hands on effective and affordable birth control, you end up with a lot of babies born to single Latina moms Flat Broke with Children Single mothers and poverty often go hand in hand in America, and these twin challenges plague nonwhite communities to a greater extent than white Americans Single mothers are faced with tough trade-offs between mothering and work At any given point in the past few decades, half of all mothers raising children by themselves have relied on welfare to get by In Making Ends Meet: How Single Mothers Survive Welfare and Low-Wage Work (1997), sociologist Kathryn Edin and Laura Lein find that all single mothers prefer self-reliance to welfare dependency In low-wage jobs, women faced a larger gap between earnings and expenses, in part to cover the costs of transportation, child-care arrangements, increased rent, and fewer food stamps Currently, the federal minimum wage is $7.25, which amounts to a full-time yearly salary of $15,080 o Only about 4.3% of the labor force makes minimum wage or less, and about
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- Spring '08
- partner, traditional family