Lecture nine question two during the arab spring mass

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Lecture Nine Question Two During the Arab Spring, mass protests were thought to transform the political landscape of many modern Arab states (Matthiesen, 2013). In certain places, it happened for better or worse. Arab Spring achieved nothing for Libya, Syria and Yemen. Civil wars erupted as proxies with opposing interests competed for power. Most of Libya is anarchic, controlled by warrying militia. Radical Islamists dominate the opposition of Syria’s rogue administration, living little to be desired from the struggle. In Egypt and Tunisia cases, little changes occurred to the power structures, considering that this is the region the protest actually began. For Tunisia, when Ben Ali resigned following powerful protests, Beji Caid ascended to power, yet he was part of Ali’s administration. As for Egypt, Hosni Mubarak was replaced by a trusted military general Abdel Fatah. The unrest in Libya, Al Qaeda and the Islamic State, are jihadist threats that both Tunisia and Egypt face. Question Three Regarded as the longest-running conflict, lasted for some 132 years since the Zionist settled in Palestine in the 1880s. One of the reasons why Palestinians and Israelis have not reached a political solution, is because of unclear demographic boundaries (Laqueur & Schueftan, 2016). Through the 19th and 20th centuries, more Jews have quickly ingathered the Land of Israel (homeland), and have made intentions of integrating with the local Palestinian
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ASSESSMENT ITEM 1 11 residents. To the Arab Palestinians, it is not clear to them whether they are being confronted by Israeli Jews or a similar threat from the entire Jewish diaspora, and vice versa. Question Four ISIS has remained attractive to those joining it for massive reasons. ISIS has used attractive social media and the internet in general, to easily appeal and recruit youth from across the world. Where the youth cannot travel to Syria and Iraq, they are encouraged to serve the ISIS’ cause wherever they are. Most young Muslims who are swayed by ISIS, lack purpose in life. They cannot enjoy luxury or perceive such to happen in their lives in future (Cockburn, 2015). The European Muslims feel marginalized and lack a sense of belonging, but ISIS accepts their brotherhood and sisterhood as warriors and makes them see the huge purpose for dying. Another rather cynical reason for hatred by young Muslims, is their regard of Western Societies as immoral. Deteriorating Christian moral standards in America and Europe, have made Muslims to cling on the ISIS’s slogan of serving Allah and not any other god. Such factors make ISIS a serious hegemon of the future.
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ASSESSMENT ITEM 1 12 References Bell, P. M. H. (2014). The Origins of the Second World War in Europe . Routledge. Brown, A. (2009). The Rise and Fall of Communism London.
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