But virtue ethics has some weaknesses too Aristotles version of virtue ethics

But virtue ethics has some weaknesses too aristotles

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But virtue ethics has some weaknesses, too. Aristotle’s version of virtue ethics assumes that life has a purpose. If humans have no inherent purpose or proper function, it seems to undermine the consistency of his theory. Aristotle’s virtue ethics may also be guilty of a logical fallacy at its very foundation. As you recall, Aristotle argued that ethical right and wrong are based on our purpose in life, which is in turn based on our human nature. What we ought to be is based on what we are. This is the is/ought fallacy: human nature is a certain way, therefore we ought to act that way. There’s also a problem specifying which exact virtues are moral and contribute to human flourishing. O VERVIEW Natural law theories of ethics conceive of morality and its rules as being part of the organization of the universe—that is, moral principles govern the world just as much as natural scientific laws. Good and evil, right and wrong are not abstractions but are
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ETH/316 Week-1 Dawn Chisolm part of the constitution of the universe. There is an inherent moral order to reality, in other words. Natural scientific laws reveal to us how the world is , while natural moral laws indicate how the world ought to be . U NIVERSAL H UMAN V ALUES • Human life • Health • Procreation • Welfare of children • Knowledge • Human relationships A PPLYING THE N ATURAL L AW T HEORY • Consider all possible optional actions. • Evaluate each option to see if it violates or interferes with any of the universal human goods. • Eliminate all options that clearly violate one or more universal human goods. • Any options remaining are morally permissible. E VALUATION Natural law theory has been a very influential view in Western culture and its basic ideas since their inception have helped form both personal moral beliefs and institutional practices. But is the theory free from defect? Of course not. Like divine command theory, natural law relies on there being a Supreme Being who legislates morality for us. Most of natural law’s foundational assumptions grow from its religious roots; thus, this theory is also guilty of “preaching to the choir.” The nonbeliever does not have much reason to accept the conclusions of this theory.
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ETH/316 Week-1 Dawn Chisolm CHAPTER 7 : NONCONSEQUENTIAL ETHICAL THEORIES, PART 2 Human rights are the primary focus of the natural rights theory of ethics. Rights are morally authorized claims that impose legitimate obligations on others. If you have a right to something, then the rest of us have a duty to avoid violating that right. Natural rights theorists believe that God has constituted us in such a way that having rights is part of what makes us human beings. The fact that humans have rights defines human nature . In Aristotelian terms, our rights make up our “essence;” without our rights we would not be what we are.
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