72 objectives after reading this lesson you should be

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7.2 OBJECTIVES After reading this lesson, you should be able to To point out the outcomes of selection decision. To understand in brief about placement and orientation. To develop a selection decision process. 7.3 CONTENTS 7.3.1 Meaning 7.3.2 Importance of Selection 7.3.3 Selection Policy 7.3.4 Steps in Selection Process 7.3.1 Meaning According to Dale Yoder, “Selection is the process in which candidates for employment are divided into two classes-those who are to be offered employment and those who are not”. According to Thomas Stone , “Selection is the process of differentiating between applicants in order to identify (and hire) those with a greater likelihood of success in a job”. In the words of Michael Jucius , “The selection procedure is the system of functions and devices adopted in a given company for the purpose of ascertaining whether or not candidates possess the qualifications called for by a specific job or for progression through a series of jobs.”
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62 According to Keith Davis, “Selection is the process by which an organization chooses from a list of screened applicants, the person or persons who best meet the selection criteria for the position available.” Thus, the selection process is a tool in the hands of management to differentiate between the qualified and unqualified applicants by applying various techniques such as interviews, tests etc. The cost incurred in recruiting and selecting any new employee is expensive. The cost of selecting people who are inadequate performers or who leave the organization before contributing to profits proves a major cost of doing business. DeCenzo and Robbins write, “Proper selection of personnel is o bviously an area where effectiveness - choosing competent workers who perform well in their position-can result in large saving.” According to them, selection has two objectives: (1) to predict which job applicants would be successful if hired and (2) to inform and sell the candidate on the job and the organization. Satisfaction of employee needs and wants as well as the fullest development of his potential are important objectives of selection. Dale Yoder says, “Selection has long held a high rank in the p riority of problem areas in management. Investments in good people produce a very high rate of return. A good choice of people can provide a basis for long, sustained contributions.” 7.3.2 Importance of Selection Various steps of selection process including selection tests are meant to solicit information about the candidates so as to arrive at a decision to select the most desirable candidates out of the several available. Since only some information is available from other sources like application forms, references, etc., selection tests are used to solicit more information about the candidates.
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