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6. When is a relationship between two variables spurious?
7. Which factor is NOT involved in context?8. According to the authors, which type of research design is always preferable?A. AnalyticalB. Cross-sectionalC. LongitudinalD. Representational9. A major weakness of cross-sectional design is it _____________________.10. Another term for trend study is: ___________________.11. A representative sample of teachers was surveyed five times in a one year period as part of a studyexamining teaching methods for shy children. By the fourth round of surveys, many of the teachers responded with pat answers in order to get the survey over with. The teachers were likely exhibiting _________________________________.12. A researcher who draws conclusions about individual-level processes from group-level data may be making a (n) _____ fallacy.A. ecologicalB. systemicC. reductionist
13. Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of a true experiment?
1714. In a study examining the effects of ADHD medication on school children, the children who don’t receive the medication would be the _____ group.15. True experiments are good at producing _____, but not _____.16. In the 1994 book Reviving Ophelia, Mary Pipher uses her psychotherapy cases to illustrate the difficult lives of adolescent girls. The authors of this text assert that this is an example of _______________.A. selection bias.B. instrument decay.C. endogenous change.D. mortality.17. When members of a treatment group change simply as a result of being part of an experiment this is called _________________.