Americans to rise in opposition to the British government and establish a new government based on Enlightenment ideals. Historians have cited the publication of this pamphlet as the event that finally sparked the Revolutionary War. Paine also published rational criticisms of religion, most famously in The Age of Reason (1794-1807) 52. Concord and Lexington, Massachusetts: 53. Washington, D.C.: 54. Three-fifths compromise: The "Three-fifths Compromise" allowed a state to count three fifths of each Black person in determining political representation in the House. 1700s 55. Albany plan of union: a plan to create a unified government for the Thirteen Colonies, suggested by Benjamin Franklin, then a senior leader (age 45) and a delegate from Pennsylvania, at the Albany Congress on July 10, 1754 in Albany, New York. 56. Alien and Sedition Acts: 57. Annapolis Convention: a meeting of 12 delegates from five states (New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Delaware, and Virginia) that called for a constitutional convention. The formal title of the meeting was a Meeting of Commissioners to Remedy Defects of the Federal Government.
58. Articles of Confederation: adopted by the Continental Congress on November 15, 1777. This document served as the United States' first constitution, and was in force from March 1, 1781, until 1789 when the present-day Constitution went into effect. 59. Bill of Rights: The Bill of Rights, which consist of the first ten Constitutional Amendments, guarantee certain rights to America citizens in all circumstances. This bill was put forth by Anti- Federalists, who feared forms of government intrusion on personal liberties. 60. Constitution: The document that establishes the rights and liberties of the American people. It created a federal government of three branches---legislative, judicial, and executive. It separates powers among the three branches and establishes a system of checks and balances among them and defines the distribution of power between the federal government and the states. 61. Continental Army: formed by the Second Continental Congress after the outbreak of the American Revolutionary War by the colonies that became the United States of America. 62. Currency Act: any of several Acts of the Parliament of Great Britain that regulated paper money issued by the colonies of British America. The Acts sought to protect British merchants and creditors from being paid in depreciated colonial currency. 63. Declaration of Independence: The Declaration of Independence was approved by Congress on July 4, 1776. drafted by Thomas Jefferson, it formalized the colonies' separation from Britain and laid out the Enlightenment values (best expressed by John Locke) of natural rights to "life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness" upon which the American Revolution was based.
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