the rivers, and in some places, from the mines which the natives work. However, they do not work the mines steadily, but only when forced by necessity; for because of their sloth and the little work done by their slaves, they do not even try to become wealthy, nor do they care to accumulate riches. When a chief possesses one or two pairs of earrings of very fine gold, two bracelets and a chain, he will not trouble himself to look for any more gold. Any native who possesses a basketful of rice will not seek for more, or do any further work, until it is finished. Thus does their idleness surpass their covetousness.”Legazpi faults the Filipinos for not trying to accumulate riches, not even the chiefs. He concludes that they were lazy. The reason for such behavior, so incomprehensible to one belonging to a class society, is precisely the absence of an exploitative class as such. Everyone worked for an immediate need and that was all. The means to systematically exploit the labor ofothers were not vet at hand.”●From chapter 18: "When there is an attempt to understand society not in terms of myths and theories but in terms of the concrete experiences and sufferings of the people, history acquires practical significance. For only if they are armed with a concrete understanding of Philippine reality can the Filipino people act correctly to change that reality. And this understanding can come about by a systematic and patriotic effort to synthesize the experience of the past in order to obtain a concrete vision of the future. History, then, should serve the purpose of integrating seemingly isolated facts and events into a coherent historical process so that a view of the totality of social reality may be achieved.Only then can facts be really understood and not be merely known; only then can this understanding of facts become an understanding of society; only then can history be perceived as a unified process. Only then can history have a goal.And when history has a goal, the past ceases to dominate the present and to hold back the future. Then historycan be consciously made."