The british expected heavy revenue from strict

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Mathematics: A Practical Odyssey
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Chapter 3 / Exercise 41
Mathematics: A Practical Odyssey
Johnson/Mowry
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were subject to be placed under trial by an English judge. The British expected heavy revenue from strict enforcement of the Stamp Act.The repeal of the Stamp Act was not a completed concession from Parliament. They soon issued the Declaratory Actwhich reiterated the authority of Parliament over any concern whatsoever; in effect the crown was issuing the colonists a pass for the Stamp Act, but warned that such rebellion and resistance would not be tolerated in the future.The death of William Pitt (highly respected in the colonies) placed Charles Townshend in charge of the treasury, with disastrous results for the crown. You should remember that the Proclamation of 1763 required a standing army in the colonies. The purpose of the Quartering Actwas to pay for goods for those soldiers in the colonies. Most of the items were relatively inexpensive.The Townshend Dutiestaxed goods that were imported into the colonies. This included glass, paint, lead, paper, and tea. To many colonists this law still represented an internal tax because it did not regulate trade, but rather was an attempt to gain money for the crown. A major part of the Townshend Duties was the establishment of the Revenue Act. This law taxed the goods in an effort to pay the salaries of the governors and other royal officials in the colonies. In the past the colonists had paid the governors salaries and thus had the power of the purse to hold over unreasonable governors. To many of the colonists, the governors were no longer beholden to their constitutes, but a pawn to the crown.The Tea Acteliminated all taxes entering England and lowered the selling price to consumers. Additionally, the East India Tea Company was allowed to sell directly to consumers, which allowed the price to be lowered even further. The British felt that this would lead to the consumption of tea (the price was actually lower than smuggled tea), which would lead to increased revenue to pay royal governors. To the colonial elites this was a danger to liberty and self-governance because instead of simply repealing the Tea Act (which would have eased colonial tensions), Parliament decided to create another tax without adequate representation for the colonists.The British considered the dumping of the tea in the Boston harbor, forever known as the Boston Tea Party, to be the final straw, as it cost the crown millions of dollars. Immediately after news of the dumping of tea reached the other side of the Atlantic, Parliament passed a series of laws, known collectively as the Coercive Acts by England and dubbed the Intolerable Actsby the colonists: a) Boston Port Bill: Closed the ports of Boston until the town paid for the tea dumped in harbor; the goal was to place Boston in economic distress
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Mathematics: A Practical Odyssey
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Chapter 3 / Exercise 41
Mathematics: A Practical Odyssey
Johnson/Mowry
Expert Verified
b) Massachusetts Government Act: Revoked Massachusetts charter, the upper house of the legislature would be appointed by the crown for life, the governor would be able to name all judges and sheriffs, only one annual town hall meeting allowedc) Administration of Justice Act: Any person charged with murder while enforcing

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