The most obvious reason would be that the witness

Info icon This preview shows pages 9–12. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
The most obvious reason would be that the witness suggested these times during the session. 2 Why are the 4 approximations, mentioned above as being flagged by “about”, approximations. If the witness was sufficiently aware of time to refer to time why did he not do so accurately? 3 How are the points at which and about which temporal reference is provided, arrived at. For example, when discussing the fight, why is the duration of “pushing” supplied but not the duration of “messing around”? 4 Why is the anti-information, in reference iii, included? Why was the witness unable to say what time he arrived at location 2, despite having estimated the time that he left location 1 and saying that he went straight there? Also, how do the interviewer and interviewee arrive at the rather clumsy formulation in iii? We will begin by looking at the witness’ first version, in the hope that by finding out how the witness referred to time in his first account we might be able to answer some of these questions. Version 1, excerpt 1
Image of page 9

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
started having a laugh and that (.) having some more drink you know (.) and everything just s- started turning around (.) Version 1, excerpt 2 then they (.) went in the house (.) started having some drink and th- (.) then um he looked round and saw saw the ur st- the man and Kigs messing about (.) pushing each other (.) and then (.) the man the ur the man must have got fed up of it It is immediately obvious that, although the witness is describing the events which are presented in the final statement, this first account is managed rather differently. As I mentioned, there is no reference to time here at all, in fact, the witness barely mentions arriving at the locations. If the reference to time which appears in the final statement is not initially made when the witness narrates the incident as he saw it, where does it come from? The answer lies in the intervening versions, 2 and 3. We will therefore examine the origins of the 6 references to time, one by one. 5.1 Time 1 – Time of arrival at Jerry’s and the duration of time spent there To recap, this appeared in the final statement as: On the 5 th [month name] 2000 at about 3pm I was a friends house called Jerry It occurred prior to that, during the statement-taking session, in the following ways: From version 2: 1 I you was drinking spirits? 2 W yeah 3 I (2.0) ok and at- what time did you go there? 4 5 W that was about phhh not quite sure on the time but it was quite early (.) when I went to the house 6 I quite early (.) how [ is- how early? 7 W [ say about (.) say about phhh probably after 3 8 I after 3pm yeh? 9 W yeah The interviewer (I) and witness (W) begin discussing timing in line 3 when the interviewer initiates the topic by requesting information, saying “what time did you go there”. Immediately, the witness marks uncertainty, hedging with the words marked in bold “about” and “quite early”. In line 6, the interviewer notes the uncertain formulation by repeating it and then specifically asks for clarification. The witness apparently provides that clarification by proposing a time for his arrival at Jerry’s but in fact his
Image of page 10
estimate is vague in that he prefaces it with “probably”.
Image of page 11

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 12
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern