1493 Unit 1 Glossary - updated

They are representative of the mix of idealism and

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because these governments included blacks. They are representative of the mix of idealism and materialism of the time. Compromise of 1877 : Agreement between Southern Democrats and Northern Republicans which brought an end to Reconstruction by allowing the election of Republican Rutherford B. Hayes as President in return for the withdrawal of the remaining troops from the South, appointment of a former Confederate general to the Hayes cabinet (Postmaster General), federal aid to bolster economic and railroad development in the South, and a free hand for Southerners in regard to race relations. This represents the new alliance between northern business-oriented Republicans and well-to-do Southern whites at the expense of Blacks and the ideal of equality for all. Dawes Severalty Act or Dawes Act : Legislation passed in 1887 intended to end the problems of the Native Americans and assimilate them into American culture (thereby making wars, reservations, and social conflict unnecessary) by giving land and citizenship to individual Native Americans thereby destroying tribal bonds and their communal culture. The idea was to treat each American Indian as an individual rather than as a member of a tribe. Each Native American, after renouncing tribal allegiance, received an allotment from the tribal reservation which would be held in trust for twenty-five years at the end of which time he would receive full title and full rights of citizenship. Designed by well-intentioned reformers, the act undermined their position by giving whites an opportunity to redistribute to whites (through land runs) tribal lands remaining after allotment.
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De Lome Letter : Letter from the Spanish minister to the United States to a colleague in Cuba, printed by the Hearst press in February 1898, which criticized President McKinley. The publication of this letter outraged American public opinion and helped create conditions leading to the Spanish- American War which began at the end of April 1898. DeLome (right) 15th Amendment : Constitutional amendment, ratified in 1870, which forbade states to deny the vote to any male because of race, color, or previous condition of servitude. The negative wording of the 15th Amendment made it possible for Southerners to disfranchise blacks and gain control of policy, as shown by Plessy v. Ferguson and segregation. 14th Amendment : Constitutional amendment ratified in 1868 which repaired one of the major deficiencies of the Bill of Rights (the first ten amendments) and thereby expanded the definition of liberty in the US. The 14 th Amendment was passed to protect Freedmen from the Democratic Party of the South. Prior to the 14th Amendment, individual rights and liberties were protected from abridgment by the national government but not by the states. The 14th Amendment set limits on state powers with three clauses. The citizenship clause establishes dual citizenship and indicates that national citizenship takes precedence over state citizenship. The due process clause stipulates that no state can deny any person the rights to life, liberty, or property without due process of law (i.e., a fair trial). The
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  • Summer '13
  • smith
  • History, Civil War, Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, late 19th century

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