Used very punitive methods for managing his jails

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Used very punitive methods for managing his jails Made male inmates wear pink underwear Made inmates stay outside in tents Feed detainees spoiled food and only fed them 2 meals a day Was re-elected 7 times Got in trouble legally because he ordered the arrest of 2 journalists who were about to expose his illegal activities with real estate Polk County, FL Sheriff Grady Judd: Very similar to Arpaio in his ‘get tough’ mentality “Ran out of bullets” - His deputies shot someone in a lake about 80 times and this was his response when asked in a press conference why his deputies shot him 80 times He shut down the juvenile facility in Polk County and moved them in with the adults This is a big no-no: Children must be away from adults in “sight and sound” Stopped providing education for the children when they were detailed Another big no-no Politics: Prison system is run by the state Prison system is far more regulated and there is much more oversight Every county in the US has a jail and they are run by an elected official so politics is involved Everytime a new sheriff is elected big changes come to the jail system Hybrid Facilities: Jails house 2 kinds of populations of people People awaiting trial Those convicted and are serving a sentence no longer than 1 year About 60% of the jail population are awaiting trial Not one person sitting in prison has not been convicted Everyone in prison has been convicted or been found guilty in a court of law Neglection: Researches are more interested in prisons than jails Jails are therefore often neglected by officials and the public too We therefore really don’t know a lot about what makes jails work and what makes jails not work Origins and Evolution American Revolution Jails were in the sheriff’s house Halifax, NC and Barnstable, MA have the two oldest standing jails Changes as a result of the Penitentiary movement Population Characteristics
BJS jail census We know everything about who is in prisons but have no clue about who is in jails Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) conducts a census every 5 years of the people in jail in hope of mediating the above issue BJS has been doing this since the 1970s Who is the typical jail inmate? (According to the BJS census reports) Young (Under 24) Unmarried African American Poor *(According to more recent reports) Most have not even completed high school *(According to more recent reports) Jail Administration Local governments (Counties) operate jails State governments operate prisons Federal government operates both jails and prisons Calls their jails a “detention center” Capacity Typical jail across the country will house about 100 people Ranges significantly though!

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