Retribution 2 deterrence 3 incapacitation 4

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Retribution 2. Deterrence 3. Incapacitation 4. Rehabilitation RETRIBUTION A theory of justice that believes punishment, if in proportion, to be the paramount response to a crime is known as Retributive justice. Whenever an offender breaks the law, she/he thereby suspends or forfeits her/his right to something of equivalent value and requirement of justice is that this forfeit be acted out. Sometimes, this is taken to signify that justice involves quest of retribution on behalf of the hurt party or society as a whole. Proportionality necessitates that the intensity of punishment be scaled taking into account to the cruelty of the offending
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3 behaviour. But this does not imply that the punishment must be equivalent to the crime. It is just that a retributive system should punish minor crime less insensitively than severe crime, but retributivists disagree about how soft or harsh the system should be on the whole (Cavadino, Dignan; 1997). Depending on the retributivist, level of severity of the crime might be established by the unfair advantage, amount of harm or moral imbalance the crime has caused. The sentencing guidelines dictate punishment ranges for crimes based on the seriousness of the offense (Thomas; 2008).   DETERRENCE The utilization of punishment as a threat to discourage or deter people from offending is known as Deterrence. Deterrence is often compared with retributivism, which states that punishment is a necessary outcome of a crime and should be planned based on the severity of the crime committed. The concept of deterrence is based upon two main assumptions. The first is that explicit punishments imposed on offenders will prevent them from further indulging into crimes. The
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