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care lead and driven by community leaders, citizens, their culture and resourcefulness. The elderly clients and the community is provided for by the integrative social-care systems model. Essential strategies are illustrated through Liand Blaser’s case studies and are essential to achieving effective interventions in rural program planning and development for older adults (Holosko et. al, 2013). Describe the effectiveness of the use of spirituality with the elderly as found in the literature.
Drs. Kaplan and Berkman, writing for Merck and Co., cite research that shows that religion and spirituality are seen by elderly people as positive forces that help them face life with more resilience and hope; improve social and familial relationships; and cope with life stresses such as financial or health concerns. Another great benefit to older people who belong to a religionor spiritual group is a sense of community. They avoid social isolation; they dovolunteer activities that keep them connected with others;they have people