motivation, the aliveness of the counselor, and the quality of the therapeutic relationship (Corey, 2017). According to the research it is these common factors that accounts for change within the counseling process in contrast to the techniques or theories utilized. Existential theory of counseling does not have the foundation of a clearly defined model or specific therapeutic techniques. Instead it is rooted in the belief that the individual is the author of their story and it is the role of the counselor to support them on this journey. Existential theory is viewed by the counseling community as less of a theoretical approach and more as a philosophy of life (Corey, 2017).
Existentialism teaches that conflicts within our unconscious shape our cognition, emotions, and behavior (Bauman & Waldo, 1998). Central to existential counseling is the therapist/client relationship. It is the role of the counselor to meet the client where they are. The counselor creates an authentic relationship that encourages, trust, honesty, disclosure, and freedom (Bauman & Waldo, 1998). In order to create this environment, the counselor must truly be present during this process. Solution-Focused therapy (SFT) shares many commonalities with Existentialist theory. First, is the emphasis on the counselor-client relationship being at the core of the practice. Second, they both see the counseling process as a collaborative effort between the client and the counselor (Oliver, Flamez, & McNichols, 2011). SFT helps the client to identify their strengths and incorporates them into the counseling process. Small change is acknowledged and encouraged and clients learn that they are able to facilitate that change in a way that works for them. The techniques used in SFT are focused on
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- Summer '17
- Thomas Sherman