Kenny clarke and max roach drums o defined modern

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Kenny Clarke and Max Roach - drums o Defined modern jazz drums in NY o Bebop is cultural phenomenon just as much as it is musical Charlie Christian - guitar Spent 23 months in public spotlight Provided channel for younger musicians to invent bebop Took the electric guitar from a rhythm instrument to a powerful solo instrument One of four black musicians to join segregated band of time Joined Benny Goodman’s band Victim of life on the road Died of tuberculosis  “Swing to Bop” brought the jam sessions to the common people Los Angeles – Central Avenue Core of a narrow, all black neighborhood that was 30 blocks long and only a few wide West coast mecca for entertainment Blues, comedy, dance, and early R&B 1945 – scene began to include modern jazz Manhattan – 52 nd  Street
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Became center of the modern jazz movement “Ko Ko” – Charlie Parker What to listen for Extremely fast tempo Parker and Gillespie playing precomposed melody in octaves in the disorienting  introduction and coda Parker’s constantly shifting accents, disruptive two-note “be-bop” rhythm  Roach’s dropping bombs Latin Jazz: factors that defined America’s interest in Latin culture during the  1930s; early purveyors of Latin music in America (Cugat and Bauza);  characteristics of Afro-Cuban jazz (instrumentation, use of clave, etc.) Dizzy  Gillespie's role in popularizing Afro-Cuban jazz; Corresponding example: Machito  and the Afro-Cuban Orchestra, “Tanga” 2. Factors that Define 1. Can be viewed from two sides (Latin bands who emigrated to US and  American bands influenced by Latin culture) 2. Importation of Latin influences (primarily in the area of rhythmic  complexity): Habanera rhythm was common feature of early jazz  performances 3. Xavier Cugat 1. Did not play jazz, played Latin dance music 2. Sparked interest in Latin music and dance (tango, rumba) 3. 1930’s broadcast all over the radio 4. hired by Walt Disney to produce a number of his film shorts 5. ***Defined latin music in America prior to WWII 4. Mario Bauza
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1. Father of Latin Jazz 2. Personal instructions to Dizzy on Cuban music 1. Carried Latin music thread into bop period 3. Harmonies and forms associated with bebop combined with Afro-Cuban  rhythms (Cu-bop) 5. Characteristics of Afro-Cuban 1. Foundation of sound is the use of the rhythmic pattern called the clave 1. Found in all afro-Cuban jazz (distinct ingredient) 2. Instrumentation  1. Saxes, trumpets, bass, piano, large percussion sections(congas,  bongos, maracas, timbales) 3. Popularized by Bauza and Machito 1. “Tanga” view as the first example of Afro-Cuban style first musicians to create the fusion of latin music in jazz are musicians who will migrate 
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