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Which contagious disease is caused by the itch mite a

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Which contagious disease is caused by the itch mite?a.Miliariab.Tinea corporisc.Pediculosisd.ScabiesANS: DScabies is the only contagious disease caused by the itch mite,Sarcoptes scabiei.PTS: 1DIF:Cognitive Level: Remembering21.A person has a vascular anomaly associated with a congenital malformation of dermalcapillaries and has been told this lesion does not fade with age. What treatment options canthe healthcare professional discuss with this person?a.Surgical excisionb.Pulsed dye laserc.Cool temperaturesd.Cosmetic tattooingANS: BThis person has a port-wine stain. The pulsed dye laser is the treatment of choice to fade thecolor and flatten its contour. Surgical excision is not required. Cool temperatures will nothelp. This lesion may be very large and is on the face so tattooing would not be a viableoption for most people.PTS: 1DIF:Cognitive Level: Applying22.An infant has a skin disorder that is characterized by a vesicular eruption after prolongedexposure to perspiration, with subsequent obstruction of the eccrine ducts. What caremeasures does the healthcare provider educate the parents about?a.Topical antifungalsb.Corticosteroidsc.Oral ivermectind.Keeping skin cool and dryANS: DThis infant has miliaria which is characterized by a vesicular eruption after prolongedexposure to perspiration, with subsequent obstruction of the eccrine ducts. The key tomanagement is avoidance of excessive heat and humidity, which cause sweating. Lightclothing, cool baths, and air conditioning assist in keeping the skin surface dry and cool. Theinfant does not need antifungals, corticosteroids, or ivermectin.PTS: 1DIF:Cognitive Level: ApplyingChapter 48 - Alterations of the Integument in Children473Pathophysiology The Biologic Basis for Disease in Adults and Children 8th Edition 97803235834
23.What is the treatment plan the healthcare professional discusses with a patient for a strawberryhemangioma?a.Cosmetic surgical removalb.Topical steroid therapyc.Oral antibioticsd.Support of its involutionANS: DApproximately 90% of strawberry hemangiomas involute by 5 to 6 years of age, usuallywithout scarring; therefore, self-resolution is the usual treatment plan.PTS: 1DIF:Cognitive Level: RememberingMULTIPLE RESPONSE1.What information does the student learn about scalded skin syndrome?(Select all that apply.)a.Virulent group II staphylococci cause the scalded skin syndrome.b.A trauma burn triggers the syndrome.c.The syndrome results in a separation involving the epidermis.d.Toxins resulting from scalded skin syndrome are circulated through the blood.e.The lesions of scalded skin syndrome are sites of the infective organism.ANS: A, C, DVirulent group II staphylococci, which produce an exfoliative toxin that attacks desmogleinand adhesion molecules and that causes a separation of the skin just below the granular layerof the epidermis, cause the scalded-skin syndrome. The toxins are usually produced at bodysites other than the skin and arrive at the epidermis through the circulatory system.

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