Communication i First order communication is based on simple feedback as in a

Communication i first order communication is based on

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Communication (i) First-order communication is based on simple feedback (as in a thermostat) but should not be confused with human communication, which has a biological basis. (ii) Second-order communication is understood from a theory of cognition which encompasses language, emotion, perception and behaviour. Amongst human beings this gives rise to new properties in the communicating partners who each have different experiential histories. Connectivity Logical dependence between components or elements (including sub-systems) within a system. Difficulty A situation considered as a bounded and well defined problem where it is assumed that it is usually clear who is involved and what would constitute a solution within a given time frame. Emergent properties Properties which are revealed at a particular level of organization and which are not possessed by constituent sub-systems. Thus these properties emerge from an assembly of sub-systems. Environment That which is outside the system boundary and which affects the behaviour of the system; alternatively the 'context' for a system of interest. Feedback A form of interconnection, present in a wide range of systems. Feedback may be negative (compensatory or balancing) or positive (exaggerating or reinforcing) Want to know more? Explore positive and negative feedback. Hierarchy
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Layered structure; the location of a particular system within a continuum of levels of organization. This
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