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Chapter 11

Women are a minority in managerial positions

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- women are a minority in managerial positions Promotion Similarities & Differences – ♀ vs. ♂ - 11 -
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P ART 4: S HARING THE O RGANIZATIONAL V ISION - promotion for men♂: supervisors feel comfortable w/ candidates - 75%; women: only 23% - women: more important to exhibit personal strength & willingness to take risks, accept responsibility - men♂: more likely to be promoted into new opportunities ; women♀: more likely to be promoted into areas where they can continue using existing knowledge - men♂ & women♀ evaluated diff.ly: e.g. men’s lack of exp → “untested potential” but women → “unprepared for promotion” - more men♂ than women♀ viewed that org’s actively communicate w/ employees - women♀: less likely to state that their companies established policy of inclusion - women’s♀ wages < men’s Similarities & Differences in Women’s & Men’s Leadership Styles - similarities > differences - even tho men have been majority of leadership positions, they are NOT automatically the best leaders (women often better at many leadership skills, e.g. listen, provide support, motivate, share info, interpersonal, trust ) - although research has shown that men & women tend to be equally effective as leaders, more and more women are rated higher in effectiveness S IMILARITIES D IFFERENCES leadership traits those who achieve formal leadership positions in org’s tend to be more alike leadership traits ♀women: (more democratic leadership style) more strong in managing interpersonal relationships use more consensual approach tend to adopt style of shared leadership (encourage participation, share info, try to enhance followers’ self-worth) prefer to lead thru inclusion rely on charisma , expertise , contacts , interpersonal skills to influence others ♂men: directive command-and-control style rely on formal authority of position Online Leadership - increasing telecommuting, contracting out, globalization - nonverbal component (smile, comforting gestures) does not exist w/ online interactions → structure of words in digital comn’n can motivate / de-motivate receiver - be careful about tone of email (do they correctly reflect the intended emotions?) - physical distance → employees feel isolated, forgotten, not cared about → productivity↓ & more difficult to develop quality manager-employee relationship - comm’n does NOT have to be done face to face, as long as vision is communicated clearly - 12 -
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