women’s♀ wages < men’sSimilarities & Differences in Women’s & Men’s Leadership Styles-similarities > differences-even tho men have been majority of leadership positions, they are NOT automatically the best leaders (women often better at many leadership skills, e.g. listen, provide support, motivate, share info, interpersonal, trust)-although research has shown that men & women tend to be equally effective as leaders, more and more women are rated higher in effectivenessSIMILARITIESDIFFERENCESleadership traitsthose who achieve formal leadership positions in org’s tend to be more alikeleadership traits♀women: (more democraticleadership style)more strong in managing interpersonal relationshipsuse more consensual approachtend to adopt style of shared leadership(encourage participation, share info, try to enhance followers’ self-worth)prefer to lead thru inclusionrely on charisma, expertise, contacts, interpersonal skillsto influence others♂men: directivecommand-and-control stylerely on formal authorityof positionOnline Leadership-increasing telecommuting, contracting out, globalization-nonverbal component (smile, comforting gestures) does not exist w/ online interactions→ structure of words in digital comn’n can motivate / de-motivate receiver-be careful about tone of email (do they correctly reflect the intended emotions?)-physical distance → employees feel isolated, forgotten, not cared about → productivity↓& more difficult to develop quality manager-employee relationship-comm’n does NOT have to be done face to face, as long as vision is communicated clearly- 12 -
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