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1.What is a hero? Explain your definition and give examples.2.What is courage? How would most people today define courage?3.What qualities do you believe a good leader should possess? Discuss leadership in our society. Name some modern leaders.What are the characteristics of contemporary leaders? What do we admire about them?4.What does it mean to be loyal? Tell about a time you were loyal or someone was loyal to you.5.Why is a reputation important? What factors influence a person’s reputation?6.Why is generosity important? What does it mean to be generous? Write about or discuss the most generous person you know.7.Interview someone involved in a medieval re-enactment group, such as the Society for Creative Anachronism (SCA).What was life like for a warrior or a king during the Middle Ages? What motivates some to re-enact this time in history?W H I L E R E A D I N GVOCABULARYThere are a variety of ways to study vocabulary through Beowulf. Initially, ask students to identify words that areunfamiliar in the text. Next, they can collaborate in groups or as a class to create definitions of the words based on theirusage in context. Finally, they can check their definitions with a dictionary. Alternatively, ask students to create illustrations or skits demonstrating the definitions of the words.WORDS FOR STUDYNote: Scop and wergild do not actually appear in the text, but students should be familiar with their meanings (see BeforeReading). All other words listed below are found on the pages and line numbers indicated. 1.scop – composers and storytellers of Anglo-Saxon poetry2.moored – secure a ship (30, line 227)3.gables – decorative triangular-shaped roofing structures (32, line 307)4.wergild – a fine paid to the relatives of a murdered person to free the offender from further obligations or punishment.5.linden – soft light wood (37, line 438)6.mead – an alcoholic drink of fermented honey and water (38, line 493)7.vexed – irritated, annoyed (39, line 501)8.gorges – eats greedily (42, line 599)9.sentinel – a person or thing that stands watch (44, line 666)10.talons – claws (47, line 754)11.sinews – tendons (48, line 816)12.hoary – gray or white with age (51, line 887)13.pyre – a bonfire for burning a dead body (58, line 1107)14.hoard – a hidden or carefully guarded supply or accumulation of valuables (61, line 1203)15.scabbard – a sheath for a sword (72, line 1562)16.runic – consisting or set down in an ancient alphabet used for writing Germanic script, especially in Germanic languages,most often of Scandinavia and Britain from about the third to thirteenth centuries (76, line 1694)A Teacher’s Guide to the Signet Classic Edition of Beowulf3