the word gender according to our text, “the socially and culturally defined roles of males and females” (Marger, 2014, p. 406). Gender inequality in education affects the choices students make. Persistent assumptions about girls’ and boys' relative ability in school have a strong impact on the type of subject’s students are pursuing. Gender inequality and other kinds of discrimination in many multicultural workplaces around the world, including Australia, are issues of concern and persistent attention. Gender refers to differences which are identified socially and culturally, and which are apparent in all societies by the various roles that men and women play. Gender stratification is evident across all cultures. The Hierarchy of Gender is almost often one in which women are the main cohort. Sustainable development relies on ending discrimination against women and making education and jobs equal opportunities Gender equality has been seen to be effective in enhancing economic development, which is essential for low-income countries. The best way to address this, according to a report I come across, is if Australian culture welcomes a new government, “We urgently need to develop a new government gender equity policy framework for schooling with guidelines, transparent targets, measuring and progress reporting. And this should be updated as students’ and society’s needs change. Creating gender equity is a complex and continuous process” (Towns, 2018). It takes a society and someone who is in charge to make this difference in society, rules have to be set, laws have to made and followed. It is not something that will happen overnight but definitely with time. Research shows that gender gaps in education and employment considerably reduce economic growth (Klasen, 2009). One of the
7 Benchmark Assignment - A Sociological Analysis of the U.S. Stratification Process biggest impacts of economic growth is that is has a positive impact on national income and level of employment, which increases the level of living. Fixing these gender gaps will definitely help out not only the discrimination and issues going on in education, but society as a whole. The theoretical perspective that explain the social behaviors that perpetuate the inequality of gender discrimination in education is conflict theory. The reason therefore is because of the way inequalities contribute to social differences and perpetuate differences in power. Examples of this can be, gender inequality in Australian society in education and not only education but in the workforce as well. In Australia, income inequality is a big issue, and has been for a long time. Women and men's earnings were rarely equal, not because of the history of Australia, but because they still had a huge difference between them. An article states, “we find gender wage gaps exist in all of Australia’s states and territories, with women consistently earning less than men” (Kennedy, 2017). This has seen women as undervalued and has resulted in much discrimination and frustration in the workplace for women.
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- Fall '19