-Salutogenesis was first introduced by Aaron Antonovsky, a medical sociologist in 1979 -the starting point is not disease but identifying behaviors that enhance or contribute to high level wellness -If considered on Travis continuum, salutogenesis would be movement toward high-level wellness. -Factors that influence health (most to least) 1. Behavior (51%) 2. Heredity 3. Health care services 4. physical environment -Positive health behaviors that impact wellness: ~sleeping 7-8 hours a day ~eating breakfast daily ~regular physical activity ~limit use of alcohol ~not smoking ~appropriate use of legal medications ~positive attitude/outlook -Behavior change theories: ~behavioral learning theory ~health belief model ~theory of reasoned action ~states of change -Behavioral learning theories: ~several versions – most common was Operant Conditioning ~behaviors are performed in response to stimuli ~behavior is reinforced if there is a perceived benefit ~cognition is not necessary to prompt the behavior ~stimulus – response occur in memory
-Health Belief Model ~The first conceptual model of behavior designed for public health issues ~four components: 1: perceived susceptibility 2: perceived severity 3: perceived benefits 4: perceived barriers -Perceived susceptibility and threat: ~A person is more likely to seek to change their behavior, if they perceive themselves to be more susceptible than usual
You've reached the end of your free preview.
Want to read both pages?
- Fall '16
- Rita Kinnell
- Social Cognitive Theory, World Health Organization