Tried to recruit settlers from established american

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Tried to recruit settlers from established American colonies o Few inhabitants in first years The Barbadian Connection o Anthony Ashley Cooper encouraged settlement by planters from Barbados o Barbadians settled around Charleston, recreated plantation system of Barbados Rice eventually became the staple crop o Fundamental Constitutions of Carolina drawn up by John Locke Rejected population that desired greater self-government o French Huguenot settlers opposed Barbadians o 1719 – last governor appointed by proprietors overthrown o 1729 – king takes over and splits the colony into northern and southern halves The Founding of Georgia o Georgia founded in 1732 o James Oglethorpe’s ideas Strategic purpose: buffer between Carolinas and Spanish Florida Charitable purpose: refuge for imprisoned debtors from England Originally rum and slaves prohibited landowning capped o Oglethorpe’s ideas unpopular and repealed by 1751 Light with Diversity o All colonies faced early struggle to survive o Distinct regional differences intensified and persisted throughout the colonial period o Challenge of the 18 th century was how to create unity out of that diversity Chapter 3: Putting Down Roots: Opportunity and Oppression in Colonial Society Sources of Stability: New England Colonies of the 17 th Century o New Englanders replicated traditional English social order o Contrasted with experience in other English colonies o Explanation lies in development of Puritan families
Immigrant Families and New Social Order o Puritans believed God ordained the family o Reproduced patriarchal English family structure in New England o Huge population growth caused by high life expectancy more than high fertility o Greater longevity in New England resulted in “invention” of grandparents o Multigenerational families strengthened social stability Commonwealth of Families o Most New Englanders married neighbors with similar values o Households produced their own needs and surpluses o New England towns were collections of interrelated households o Church membership associated with certain families and church activities increasingly reflected this o Education provided by the family Women’s Lives in Puritan New England o Women’s Roles Farm labor, although not necessarily same tasks as men Often outnumbered men 2:1 in church membership o Women could not control property o Divorce difficult for a woman to obtain o Both genders accommodated themselves to roles they believed God ordained Social Hierarchy in New England o Absence of very rich necessitated creation of new social order o New England social order Local gentry of prominent, pious families Large population of independent yeomen landowners loyal to local community Small population of landless laborers, servants, poor o Only moderate disparities of wealth o Servitude was more an apprenticeship The Challenge of the Chesapeake Environment o Despite similarities in background and timing with New England, Chesapeake settlements were very different o

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