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(undetected)4.At about 6 weeks to 6 months after infection, body mount a response Seroconversion. HIV positive 5.When CD4 drops below 200 cells/uL, -> AIDS6.When CD4 drop to 1/5 -> full blown AIDSvi.Treatment:1.Anti-retroviral drugs:a.Fusion inhibitors:i.Prevent fusion of membranes b/w HIV and host cells
b.Reverse Transcription Inhibitors: block viral RNA-> DNAc.Integrase Inhibitor:Prevents HIV genes into host’s genomed.Protease inhibitor: prevent enzyme that cut off proteins that are essential 2.No cure3.Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEp): a person takes anti-retroviral drugs on ongoing basis. Reduced the risk of transmission4.Truvada: using multiple drugs5.With treatment, death rate decreased 35% from 2005 to 2014e.How to reduce STI risks:1.Careful choice of partner YESa.Coitus/anus: highest riskb.Oral: moderatec.Kissing: low2.Use condom:YEAAAAAHa.Natural skin condom DO NOT protect again STIb.Extra strength condom for anal3.Spermicides:NAHHHHa.Containing nonoxynol-9 are not recommended. Potentially cause increased risk of HIVb.Condoms + spermicides are not extra effective4.Topical Microbicides: DON’Ta.Not effective at allKEY TERMS:syphilisColumbus hypothesisIncidencePrevalencePubic liceScabies mitesScabiesTrichomonas vaginalisSpirochetePrimary syphilisSecondary syphilisLatent phaseTeriary phase
Chapter 17: Sexual AssaultSexual Assault:-Any type of sexual contact or behavior that occurs withoutclear consentof the recipient.Rape:-Subset of sexual assault-The penetration, no matter how slight, of the vagina or anus with any body part or object, or oral penetration by a sex organ of another person, withoutconsent1.Defining rape and sexual assaulta.Statutory rape:i.Penetration that occur without physical force, or a victim who is unable to give consent either because of their young age or mental incapacityb.Date rape:i.Not legal termii.A consensual sexual interaction is already underway when the rape occursiii.Do not be formally on a dateiv.Acquaintance rape1.Any rape where the perpetrator was a friend or acquaintance of the victimv.45% by close friend or acquaintancevi.25% by boyfriend/ girlfriend, spouse, intimate partnervii.28& by stranger
2.Victims of sexual violence. a.Prevalence:i.Rates:1.1/6 American womena.Age 18-34: 54%b.Age 35-64: 28% c.Age 12-17: 15% d.Age 65+: 3% 2.1/33 (3%) of mena.Society thinks it’s disbelief, Ridicule, Minimization3.21% TGQN students4.18% non TGQN students5.Native Americans are @ the greatest risk b.effects on victims:i.Rape Trauma syndrome:1.Feelings of numbness or disconnection, alternating with flashbacks with the rape incident2.Self-blame3.Anxiety4.Anger5.Depression6.Sleeplessness7.