Studies in the psychology of sex reality of sexual

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-“Studies in the Psychology of Sex” -reality of sexual values -challenged view that masturbation was abnormal -documented existence of women’s sexual desires -reevaluated homosexuality as congenital condition -Women researchers -Celia Mosher: studied upper-middle class women’s sex lives, 1 st to study sex from female perspective -Katherine Bement Davis: studied prostitution & STI’s -Evelyn Hooker: compared gay & straight males by having people judge based on profiles -Margaret Sanger: health, condoms -Alfred Kinsey -how did he do his research? -Kinsey Reports -“Sexual Behavior on Human Male” & “Sexual Behavior on Human Female” -statistical documentation -Kinsey scale -0 to 6 where 0 meant exclusively other sex behaviors & 6 meant exclusively same sex behaviors -same sex behavior scale is inadequate way of understanding behavior -what were his findings? -showed discrepancy between public & actual standards of sexual behavior -sexual diversity & variation diversity in behavior of subjects, many subjects had sexual experiences with members of same sex -reevaluation of masturbation important for women, harmless, pleasurable -why was he criticized? -didn’t address asexuals or gender identification -rejection of normal/abnormal dichotomy -sexual differences are a matter of degree not kind -some people questioned statistical methods unrepresentative sample -emphasis on quantification of sexual behavior not theoretical -rejection of psychological dimension not focusing on love, emotion -Masters & Johnson -what was Bill Masters profession? gynecologist -How did he collect his research? -Detailed the sexual response cycles of male & female subjects -combined clinical observation with direct measurement of genital arousal using electronic devices -What were they were interested in learning about sex? -male & female sexual responses similar
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-curious about female orgasm & how it looked from the inside -sexual communication behavioral therapy -Contemporary studies -be able to compare and contrast findings from the different studies The National Health and Social Life Survey (1994) Best sex survey of general population of U.S. Americans monogamous, have sex once a week Vaginal intercourse most preferred Homosexuality less prevalent than believed Orgasms: rule for men Forced sex & misperception The Youth Risk Behavior Survey (biannual) Half report having sex Half report using condoms ¼ uses drugs, alcohol during last sex experience The Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (annual) The National Survey of Family Growth (periodic) Americans experience diverse sexual activity Small % report experiencing homosexual behavior Men report more partners than women Decreased usage of condoms College Alcohol Study (every few years) New partner in last year Half report oral sex Half report vaginal intercourse Low condom usage Birth control (oral) & condoms Community Intervention Trial for Youth Project -what are some reasons homosexuality may have been underreported in the studies?
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