Natural Disaster Paper Homework 2

The few things that chile did have to warn people

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area. The few things that Chile did have to warn people (such as the alarm) failed because no one knew the right way to respond! Since Chile is located on a subduction zone as located between two plates, they are an extremely earthquake prone area so it is imperative that they set up a warning system. In addition, the government should have an emergency system set up so that when an earthquake does strike they can evacuate people safely and efficiently. Chile has to take better precautions in the near future before another earthquake strikes. (Parshall, 2009) Earthquakes and tornadoes during the early 1900’s were similar as relating to early warning systems. In 1925 citizens in Missouri, Illinois, and Indiana were not given any warning and the Tri-State tornado caused panic and devastation in its path. For 3.5 hours and a distance traveled of over 219 miles through four states, the Tri-State Tornado devastated multiple communities leaving nearly 700 died and over $16.5 million worth of economic damage. (Galvin, 2007) The tornado began the horrific journey in Ellington, MO., leaving a tremendously wide path and killing one farmer before tracking its way to a mining town called “Leadanna.” The tornado continued on a killer track and would eventually reach Murphysboro, IL. where the largest death toll within a single city in US history would account for 243 deaths. (Galvin, 2007) Included in these deaths were 25 children from three different schools for which were killed by the structure of the buildings crushing them while they searched for safety? Murphysboro’s losses totaled over $10 million in damages. As the ¾-mile wide tornado moved in to Indiana, multiple funnels became visible killing 71 people without letting up. The funnel finally dissipated about 10 miles northeast of Princeton, IN leaving four states and multiple communities confused, lost, devastated, and completely without homes. (Galvin, 2007) 5
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Recovery efforts for most of the communities did not happen as majority of the towns were completely gutted. It was in fact another 23 years before modern tornado forecasting would be found through the help of two Air Force officers. A tornado ripped through Tinker Air Force Base in Oklahoma City, OK on 20 March 1948 and the commanding general asked his two meteorologists to research and come up with tornado predictors. (Galvin, 2007) In only a short period, the two officers were successful in determining a second tornado that could possibly hit Tinker Air Force Base once again with a 20-mile difference. The commanding general issued orders for mitigation sparing much damage to the base. It did not take long for the Weather Bureau to drop the ban on the word “tornado.” (Galvin, 2007) Today, technology and research allow for the Weather Bureau to track and give tornado warnings and watches anytime and anywhere. Even with the reports, tornados are unpredictable and could strike in any location for the watch area. During the tornado, the population in the United States was 115 million and is estimated to grow to 403 million in 2050. Tornadoes can be the aftermath of a typhoon after it
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  • Summer '13
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  • Earthquakes, great Chilean earthquake

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