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disease and warfare reduced Western Europe’s population by more than 25%●urban life diminished sharply as Europe reverted to a largely rural existence●Rome at its height was a city of 1,000,000, but by the 10 century its number was only about 10,000●public buildings crumbled form lack of care●within these new kingdoms, a highly fragmented and decentralized society widely known as feudalism emerged with great local variationWestern Europe Changes in 1000 C.E.Directions: Once you get to the subsection called “Accelerating Change in the West,” start taking notes below. In this subsection the book will talk about how in the year 1000 C.E. some things happen in Western Europe causing the start of some changes. As you read, the book explains how one thing happens then another and thenanother. So, use the chart below and take notes, and it will help you see the cause and effect flow of all the changes.2 Things Caused Changes to Start in Western Europe Around 1000 C.E. Take Notes on Both:1.INVADERS -INVADERS - a.Muslim armies had conquered Spain and threatened the rest of Europeb.Magyar invasions from the east and Viking invasions from the north2.CLIMATE –3.A generally warming trend after 7504.reached its peak in 11 & 12 centuries enhancing agricultural productionThese 2 Things Led to the Increase in POPULATION. Take Notes:●new phase of European civilization, commonly called the High Middle Ages (1000-1300), showed signs of expansion and growth●population of Europe grew from 36 million in 1000 to 80 million in 1340Which Led To Increase in CROP GROWING. Take Notes:●many new lands were opened for cultivation in a process paralleling that of China’s expansion to the south at the same time
Which Led to Increase in TRADE. Take Notes:●the increased production associated with this agricultural expansion stimulated a considerable growth in long-distance tradeWhich Led to Growth In CITIES. Take Notes:●Great lords, bishops, and religious orders organized new villages on what had recently been forest/wasteland●grew through local tradeWhich Led to Changes in SOCIAL ORDER. Take Notes:●feudalism changed people’s main loyalties to focus on the family, the religious community, and the state●government became more commanding of the loyalty of the peopleWhich Led to Growth in KINGDOMS. Take Notes:●the growth of territorial states with more effective institutions of government that commanded more from the people turned into larger kingdomGender Changes in Western Europe [Last Paragraph on Pg. 482 – 484.]How Did The Role of Women Change in Western Europe After 1000 C.E. to 1300 C.E.?●more job opportunities ●offered women an alternative to marriage and family●by 1300 many of these freedoms to women were taken away and regulated by men●beguines were a group of women that worked to help the sick and old●they eventually faded because of oppositionCrusades [Pg. 485-488]When:1095 - 1300 C.E.Where:Middle East and SpainWhatAreThThe crusades are the holy wars that Christians started toreclaim their “holy land” that was taken by Muslims during the