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D.Rogers also discussed the processes necessary to becoming a person. For example, as the awareness of self begins to emerge, an infant develops the need to be loved and accepted by others. Rogers called this need positive regard. Humans tend to value those experiences that satisfy their needs for love, acceptance, and friendship.E.Along with our need for positive regard, we need to think well of our self, a need Rogers called self-regard. If we perceive that others love and accept us, then this perception tends to satisfy our need of self-regard as well as for 56
Chapter 1157positive regard. However, positive regard is a prerequisite for positive self-regard.3.Discuss the necessary and sufficient conditions for psychological growth, as postulated by Rogers. (p. 321-323)A.Rogers believed that for therapeutic growth to take place, certain conditions are necessary, three of which are both necessary and sufficient.B.For therapeutic growth to take place, an anxious or vulnerable person must come into contact with a congruent person who demonstrates empathy and unconditional positive regard for the first person. The first person must recognize the empathy and unconditional positive regard of the other person. In addition, the relationship must be of some undetermined duration.C.Congruence exists when a person’s organismic experiences are matched by an awareness of them and by an ability and willingness to express these feelings openly. Rogers also use the terms genuine, authentic, and real to express this concept.D.Positive regard is the need to be liked, prized, loved, or accepted by another, and when that need is fulfilled with no strings attached, a person experiences unconditional positive regard. Rogers also used the terms nonpossessive warmth and acceptance to express unconditional positive regard.E.Empathy exists when one person accurately senses the feelings of another and is able and willing to communicate these perceptions so that the second person feels that the other has entered into his or her world of feelings without prejudice or evaluation. Rogers also used the term empathic listening to express this concept.
58 Chapter 11MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONSCarl Rogers is best known asRogers’s theory of personality evolved out ofAs an adolescent, Rogers“I lived my childhood as a middle child in a large, close-knit family, where hard work and a highly conservative (almost fundamentalist) Protestant Christianity were about equally revered. When the family moved to a farm, I became less interested in farming and more deeply involved in religious activities on my college campus.”