2 the other new strand the lagging strand must grow

Info icon This preview shows pages 33–38. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
2 The other new strand, the lagging strand must grow in an overall 3 5 direction by addition of short segments, Okazaki fragments, that grow 5 3 (numbered here in the order they were made). 3 DNA ligase joins Okazaki fragments by forming a bond between their free ends. This results in a continuous strand. 4 Figure 16.14 3 5 5 3 3 5 2 1 Leading strand 1 Synthesis of leading and lagging strands during DNA replication
Image of page 33

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Priming DNA Synthesis DNA polymerases can’t initiate synthesis of polynucleotide Initial nucleotide strand Is an RNA or DNA primer Only one primer is needed for synthesis of leading strand Synthesis of lagging strand, each Okazaki fragment must be primed separately
Image of page 34
Overall direction of replication 3 3 3 3 5 3 5 3 5 3 5 3 5 3 5 3 5 3 5 5 1 1 2 1 1 2 5 5 1 2 3 5 Template strand RNA primer Okazaki fragment Figure 16.15 Primase joins RNA nucleotides into a primer. 1 DNA pol III adds DNA nucleotides to the primer, forming an Okazaki fragment. 2 After reaching the next RNA primer (not shown), DNA pol III falls off. 3 After the second fragment is primed. DNA pol III adds DNA nucleotides until it reaches the first primer and falls off. 4 DNA pol 1 replaces the RNA with DNA, adding to the 3 end of fragment 2. 5 DNA ligase forms a bond between the newest DNA and the adjacent DNA of fragment 1. 6 The lagging strand in this region is now complete. 7
Image of page 35

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Other Proteins That Assist DNA Replication Helicase, topoisomerase, single-strand binding protein Are all proteins that assist DNA replication Table 16.1
Image of page 36
Figure 16.16 Overall direction of replication Leading strand Lagging strand Lagging strand Leading strand OVERVIEW Leading strand Replication fork DNA pol III Primase Primer DNA pol III Lagging strand DNA pol I Parental DNA 5 3 4 3 2 Origin of replication DNA ligase 1 5 3 Helicase unwinds the parental double helix. 1 Molecules of single- strand binding protein stabilize the unwound template strands. 2 The leading strand is synthesized continuously in the 5 ′ → 3 direction by DNA pol III. 3 Primase begins synthesis of RNA primer for fifth Okazaki fragment. 4 DNA pol III is completing synthesis of the fourth fragment, when it reaches the RNA primer on the third fragment, it will dissociate, move to the replication fork, and add DNA nucleotides to the 3 end of the fifth fragment primer. 5 DNA pol I removes the primer from the 5 end of the second fragment, replacing it with DNA nucleotides that it adds one by one to the 3 end of the third fragment. The replacement of the last RNA nucleotide with DNA leaves the sugar- phosphate backbone with a free 3 end.
Image of page 37

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 38
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern