3 Socioemotional Development.pptx

Parents react differently to an infants temperament

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Parents react differently to an infant’s temperament depending on infant’s gender The reaction to an infant’s temperament depend on culture (e.x. inhibition)
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Developmental connections Activity level : High active 4 years old children outgoing at age 23 (Franz, 1996) Inhibition : Behavioral inhibition at 3 years of age shyness four years later (Kagan, 2008) : Shyness/inhibition in infancy/ childhood social anxiety at 21 (Wachs, 2000)
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Developmental connections Emotionality & Emotion regulation : High level of emotion regulation at 3 years old Handle emotions effectively as adults (Block, 1993) Developmental connections in certain aspects of temperament
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Developmental contexts Inhibited child A Inhibited child B Outgoing, sociable, emotionally stable adult Introvert adult with emotional problems
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Goodness of fit Goodness of fit the match between a child’s temperament and the environmental demands the child must cope with Lack of fit can produce adjustment problems Children have different temperament
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Goodness of fit Decreases in infants’ negative emotionality : Higher levels of parental sensitivity, involvement, and response Extra support and training for mothers Distress-prone infants improved the quality of mother-infant interaction
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Social orientation & Attachment s
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Social orientation Face-to-face play Caregiver-infant interactions Include vocalization, touch, and gestures I nfants expect people to react positively when the infants initiate a behavior Higher positive affect and lower negative affect  Secure attachment
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Locomotion Self-produced locomotor skills Independently initiate social interchanges Development of the nervous system
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Intention, Goal- Directed Behavior, and Cooperation Joint attention and gaze
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  • Spring '08
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