WK06-Assignment-6521.docx

This dm symptom is sudden and can progress to

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can be caused by genetic predisposition, infection, autoimmunity, and any environmental factors. This DM symptom is sudden and can progress to ketoacidosis. This DM is previously known as juvenile diabetes. The most common symptoms with patients that have T1DM include polyuria, polydipsia, and polyphagia (Healy, 2014). Type 2 DM- In Type 2 DM, the pancreas produces less insulin than the body needs, or the adipose and muscle cells will become less sensitive to the insulin actions. “The pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes involves insulin resistance, impaired insulin secretion, elevated glucose production by the liver, or all these components” (Arcangelo, et al.,2017). Most of the patients affected by this DM are older than 30. The risk factors for patients with type 2 DM include family history, obesity, race/ethnicity, high blood pressure, and lifestyles. The beta cells defects and the resistance of the insulin are mostly found in patients with type 2 DM. This type of DM is gradual, insidious, and most of the time not diagnosed promptly. Gestational diabetes; Gestational diabetes occurs when the pregnant woman becomes intolerant to blood glucose. The cause is not clear but may relate to anti-insulin effects the progesterone, cortisol, and human placental lactogen. As soon the woman delivers the baby, the
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4 blood glucose level will return to normal, but if the level did not return to normal, the woman has 20% to 50% of developing DM in the coming years. This affects women who are obese or a family history of DM. It needs treatment to avoid any complications in the newborn. “Women who develop gestational diabetes have a 35% to 60% chance of developing T2DM in the 10 to 20 years following pregnancy” (CDC, 2015). Juvenile diabetes; Juvenile diabetes is a childhood autoimmune disease and can be severe and difficult to treat. Juvenile DM is also known to be type 1 DM that occurs mostly in childhood or adolescence and continuous to adulthood (Arcangelo, et al.,2017). Treatment for Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus To treat abnormal glucose level includes diet and exercising. The primary goal for type 1 diabetes is diet and is directed toward regulating the calorie intake by spacing the meals and snack. Several steps are taken in managing type 1 DM disease, and this helps in lowering the complications of DM and early death. “In the United States, more than 29 million people have diabetes of any type. Of those, over 8 million people are undiagnosed, suggesting that a large proportion of individuals with diabetes currently go untreated” (CDC, 2015). There is no cure for type 1 DM, it is a chronic condition, and the patients required to comply with the diet and treatments. The patients are educated on developing hypoglycemia during the treatment of type 1
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