Music History Quiz 3

Alfredo germont gentleman in love w violetta bel

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Alfredo Germont – gentleman in love w/ Violetta Bel canto : pretty (duet), but virtuosity Violetta’s & Alfredo’s vocalization; rhythm, pitch & range Scena : 3-part grouping of arias that are related in some way; these are related through Alfredo’s refrain “Ah! Forse Lui” Violetta she eventually sings Alfredo’s refrain; starts slow; her chorus = Alfredo’s; she’s falling for him; Alfredo is the kind of guy Violetta imagined as a little girl; virtuosity flourishes in the end (virtuostic); expression – big, one word-long & high “Follie!” recitative; she’s over the top; trying to convince herself to perish in a whirlwind of pleasure; virtuosic for recitative “Siempre Libera” cabaletta; fast-paced aria at the end of the scena, after which the character leaves the story
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Fast & highly virtuostic Virtuostic : super wide range; melisma; leaps; fast Goals of the drama is that she’s trying to convince herself of appeal of freedom / pleasure Alfredo’s words constantly return Ties together the music & drama in ways bel canto didn’t But still adheres to rules Richard Wagner (1813-1883) anti-Semitic asshole The Ring Cycle: most famous operas; 4 operas that draw on Germanic / Norse mythology Rejects traditional opera; he calls it music drama : on equal footing Gesamt Kunstwerk – “total artwork” Every aspect from the script to staging to music to singing will get equal attention Wagner is his own librettist; author of operatic world o Chromaticism o Parity b/t voice & orchestra If the orchestra is equal, there cannot be arias b/c this places emphasis on singer They also create segments in the drama & then in the music continuous music Leit motif : short motive associated w/ a character or feeling “Tristan & Isolde” (1865): Isolde joins Tristan in death; “love death” – Leibstod “Love-death” motif lack of repetition of words / form; few cadences in Wagner’s music – often delayed; lack of cadences; delaying by adding chromatic notes : adding notes that don’t “belong” in a particular key for color Functional harmony : uses dissonance in expected ways to push music forward Chromaticism is about the unexpected or delaying the expected Beethoven opens the door to chromaticism; for example, Symphony No. 5 starts in C. minor & ends in C major Schubert “Erl King” – when a boy freaks out Wagner is the 1 st to use chromaticism in a comprehensive way w/ the intent of delaying cadences and creating all kinds of color Consonance / dissonance
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  • Fall '09
  • Music History, Hector Berlioz, tragic love story, Harriet Smithson, ide’e fixe

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