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282Tactical CounterterrorismTactics, Techniques,and Procedures (TTPs)The vehicle was parked in a high-traffic area, byboth pedestrians and vehicles, and if it had ignited,it could have produced numerous casualties. Thefollowing items were found in the vehicle:•Two five-gallon containers of gasoline•Three 20-pound propane tanks•Electrical wires•Black powder•Consumer-grade fireworks•Two digital clocks with batteries•A four-foot by two-foot metal box resemblinga gun locker filled with possibly fertilizerIED. Consumer-grade fireworks, resembling amodel known as M-80s, were taped around the out-side of the gasoline cans . . . two clocks with batter-ies, including one that resembled a child’s toy, wereconnected to the device by small wires. Investiga-tors believe the fireworks had been lit but did notexplode. The use of gas cylinders in VBIEDs is acommon practice for many extremist groups. Thecylinders are easily acquired by theft or legitimatepurchase. The versatility of the containers has lentitself to many uses.Preoperational Activities: Training. Shahzadleft the United States for Pakistan in September2009 with the specific intention of training with theTTP. He returned to the United States in early Feb-ruary 2010. The TTP was designated a Foreign Ter -rorist Organization (FTO) in September 2010. Shah-zad left for Pakistan with his wife and two children.They did not return to the United States with him. From December 2009 to January 2010, Shahzadparticipated in tactical training, including five days ofexplosives training in Waziristan, Pakistan, from indi-viduals affiliated with the TTP. Six months prior tothe bombing attempt, while at the TTP training camp,Shahzad appeared in a 40-minute-long video to dis-cuss his motivations and justifications for his intend-ed attack in the United States. The TTP released thevideo after Shahzad’s arrest. Shahzad delivered hisstatements entirely in English. He did not discuss thespecifics of his plan to attack Times Square in thevideo; however, the split screen shows the media’spublicly released images of the unfolding event. Shahzad quotes Abdullah Azzam, Osama binLaden’s ideological mentor, and Hadith on the con-ditions that justify Jihad and the requirement for allMuslims to participate in Jihad. He thanked“Imams who are spreading the dawa and talkingabout Jihad, especially in English.” “Because ofthem,” he said, “I am here.” He states that his attackwould be to “get revenge for all the Muslims whohave been martyred . . . like Abu Musab al-Zarqawi.” Preoperational Activities: Vehicle Acquisi -tion. Shahzad found the 1993 Nissan Pathfinder forsale on Craigslist and left a voicemail with the own-er; he provided a phone number but not his name.