A_Midsummer_Nights_Dream_Text_book.pdf

2 i what effect has this disagreement had on the

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2. I: What effect has this disagreement had on the natural world? What do these effects reveal about the fairies’ power? about their role in maintaining order in the natural world? 3. R: What does Oberon plan to do to obtain what he desires from Titania? 4. I: What do you think of Oberon’s method of obtaining what he wants? Is his plan fair to his wife, Titania? 5. R: After Oberon observes the way Demetrius treats Helena, what does he order Puck to do? What blunder does Puck make in carrying out Oberon’s orders? 6. I: How would you characterize Demetrius’s behavior toward Helena? What has unrequited love done to Helena’s sense of self-worth? How can you tell that she feels this way? What motivates Oberon to interfere in human love affairs? Explain why Puck makes this blunder. 7. R: Why isn’t Hermia the first person Lysander sees when he awakes? What is the result of Puck’s blunder? How does Helena interpret Lysander’s words? What does Hermia wake to discover? What has she dreamed? 8. I: Why does Helena interpret Lysander’s words as she does? After Lysander is anointed with the juice of the flower, how would you compare and contrast his behavior to that of Demetrius? In what way is Hermia’s dream like her rea lity? How do you think she feels to wake in this situation? Synthesizing 9. Based on the behavior of Puck, Titania, and Oberon, what is your view of the fairies? In what ways are they dif- ferent from humans? In what ways are they similar? Explain whether it is right for them to meddle in human affairs. Do their intentions make up for the result of their actions? 10. In what ways have the four young lovers changed roles or taken on aspects of each other’s identities by the end of act II? In what way is Lysander more like Demetrius? In what way have Hermia and Helena become more alike? Explain whether, thus far, Shakespeare has presented love ACT II 31
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as static or as fickle and changeable. Why might this be so? What is Shakespeare indicating about the four young lovers? Understanding Literature ( QUESTIONS FOR DISCUSSION ) 1. Comedy and Setting. Originally a literary work with a happy ending, a comedy is any lighthearted or humorous work, especially one prepared for the stage or screen. The typical progression of the action in a comedy is from initial order to a humorous misunderstanding and back to order again. The setting of a literary work is the time and place in which it occurs, together with all the details used to create a sense of a particular time and place. Many of Shakespeare’s comedies feature a place of magical wildness to which the main characters retreat from the everyday world. In this place of wildness, the typical rules of everyday conduct change; characters may take on disguises; the identities or perceptions of characters may change as well, either perma- nently or temporarily; and after some confusion or role reversal, a conflict or misunderstanding is resolved. What is magical, wild, or otherworldy about the wood outside Athens? What humorous misunderstanding or departure from order takes place there? What changes in the behavior of the
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